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Social phobia is associated with delayed onset of chickenpox, measles, and mumps infections


Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Aleksandrowicz, Aleksandra; Rodgers, Stephanie; Müller, Mario; Kawohl, Wolfram; Rössler, Wulf; Castelao, Enrique; Vandeleur, Caroline; von Känel, Roland; Mutsch, Margot; Lieb, Roselind; Preisig, Martin (2016). Social phobia is associated with delayed onset of chickenpox, measles, and mumps infections. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 7:203.

Abstract

Objective: Evidence showing that infectious diseases in childhood play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of neurodevelopmental and other mental disorders is growing. The aim of this study was to explore the timing of common childhood diseases in early-onset anxiety disorders.
Materials and methods: We analyzed data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (N = 3720). In this study, we regressed overanxious disorder, separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and specific phobias on the age of onset of several childhood diseases, always adjusting for the other anxiety disorders listed above and for sex.
Results: The timing of viral childhood diseases (chickenpox, measles, and mumps) was consistently delayed in social phobia, notably both in men and women. We found no evidence for a reversed sequence of onset of phobia symptoms before that of the infections included.
Conclusion: Social phobia was the only early anxiety disorder to show an association with a delayed onset of common viral childhood diseases.

Abstract

Objective: Evidence showing that infectious diseases in childhood play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of neurodevelopmental and other mental disorders is growing. The aim of this study was to explore the timing of common childhood diseases in early-onset anxiety disorders.
Materials and methods: We analyzed data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (N = 3720). In this study, we regressed overanxious disorder, separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and specific phobias on the age of onset of several childhood diseases, always adjusting for the other anxiety disorders listed above and for sex.
Results: The timing of viral childhood diseases (chickenpox, measles, and mumps) was consistently delayed in social phobia, notably both in men and women. We found no evidence for a reversed sequence of onset of phobia symptoms before that of the infections included.
Conclusion: Social phobia was the only early anxiety disorder to show an association with a delayed onset of common viral childhood diseases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:12 Jan 2017 15:34
Last Modified:05 Jul 2017 13:51
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-0640
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00203

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Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)