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Epstein Barr virus: a tumor virus that needs cytotoxic lymphocytes to persist asymptomatically


Münz, Christian (2016). Epstein Barr virus: a tumor virus that needs cytotoxic lymphocytes to persist asymptomatically. Current Opinion in Virology, 20:34-39.

Abstract

Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human γ-herpesvirus that was discovered in Burkitt's lymphoma more than 50 years ago. Since then it has been proposed as the causative agent of up to 2% of all tumors worldwide, mainly lymphomas and epithelial cell carcinomas. Surprisingly, persistent EBV infection is at the same time found in more than 90% of healthy human adults. Even the very same programs of EBV infection that are found in the associated malignancies are continuously present in healthy EBV carriers. We will discuss primary immunodeficiencies and immune compartment changes during the first decade of human life that give us insights into how tumorigenesis by persistent EBV infection and Hodgkin's lymphoma predisposing infectious mononucleosis is prevented during primary infection. These insights should allow identifying individuals at risk to develop EBV associated malignancies, who would benefit from EBV specific vaccination.

Abstract

Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human γ-herpesvirus that was discovered in Burkitt's lymphoma more than 50 years ago. Since then it has been proposed as the causative agent of up to 2% of all tumors worldwide, mainly lymphomas and epithelial cell carcinomas. Surprisingly, persistent EBV infection is at the same time found in more than 90% of healthy human adults. Even the very same programs of EBV infection that are found in the associated malignancies are continuously present in healthy EBV carriers. We will discuss primary immunodeficiencies and immune compartment changes during the first decade of human life that give us insights into how tumorigenesis by persistent EBV infection and Hodgkin's lymphoma predisposing infectious mononucleosis is prevented during primary infection. These insights should allow identifying individuals at risk to develop EBV associated malignancies, who would benefit from EBV specific vaccination.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:16 Jan 2017 10:49
Last Modified:16 Jan 2017 10:49
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1879-6257
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coviro.2016.08.010
PubMed ID:27591678

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