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Association between sleep apnoea and pulmonary hypertension in Kyrgyz highlanders


Latshang, Tsogyal D; Furian, Michael; Aeschbacher, Sayaka S; Ulrich, Silvia; Osmonov, Batyr; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M; Isakova, Jainagul; Aldashev, Almaz A; Sooronbaev, Talant M; Bloch, Konrad E (2017). Association between sleep apnoea and pulmonary hypertension in Kyrgyz highlanders. European Respiratory Journal, 49(2):Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

This case-control study evaluates a possible association between high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) and sleep apnoea in people living at high altitude.Ninety highlanders living at altitudes >2500 m without excessive erythrocytosis and with normal spirometry were studied at 3250 m (Aksay, Kyrgyzstan); 34 healthy lowlanders living below 800 m were studied at 760 m (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan). Echocardiography, polysomnography and other outcomes were assessed. Thirty-six highlanders with elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) >30 mmHg (31-42 mmHg by echocardiography) were designated as HAPH+. Their data were compared to that of 54 healthy highlanders (HH, mPAP 13-28 mmHg) and 34 healthy lowlanders (LL, mPAP 8-24 mmHg).The HAPH+ group (median age 52 years (interquartile range 47-59) had a higher apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of 33.8 events·h(-1) (26.9-54.6) and spent a greater percentage of the night-time with an oxygen saturation <90% (T<90; 78% (61-89)) than the HH group (median age 39 years (32-48), AHI 9.0 events·h(-1) (3.6-16), T<90 33% (10-69)) and the LL group (median age 40 years (30-47), AHI 4.3 events·h(-1) (1.4-12.6), T<90 0% (0-0)); p<0.007 for AHI and T<90, respectively, in HAPH+ versus others. In highlanders, multivariable regression analysis confirmed an independent association between mPAP and both AHI and T<90, when controlled for age, gender and body mass index.Pulmonary hypertension in highlanders is associated with sleep apnoea and hypoxaemia even when adjusted for age, gender and body mass index, suggesting pathophysiologic interactions between pulmonary haemodynamics and sleep apnoea.

Abstract

This case-control study evaluates a possible association between high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) and sleep apnoea in people living at high altitude.Ninety highlanders living at altitudes >2500 m without excessive erythrocytosis and with normal spirometry were studied at 3250 m (Aksay, Kyrgyzstan); 34 healthy lowlanders living below 800 m were studied at 760 m (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan). Echocardiography, polysomnography and other outcomes were assessed. Thirty-six highlanders with elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) >30 mmHg (31-42 mmHg by echocardiography) were designated as HAPH+. Their data were compared to that of 54 healthy highlanders (HH, mPAP 13-28 mmHg) and 34 healthy lowlanders (LL, mPAP 8-24 mmHg).The HAPH+ group (median age 52 years (interquartile range 47-59) had a higher apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of 33.8 events·h(-1) (26.9-54.6) and spent a greater percentage of the night-time with an oxygen saturation <90% (T<90; 78% (61-89)) than the HH group (median age 39 years (32-48), AHI 9.0 events·h(-1) (3.6-16), T<90 33% (10-69)) and the LL group (median age 40 years (30-47), AHI 4.3 events·h(-1) (1.4-12.6), T<90 0% (0-0)); p<0.007 for AHI and T<90, respectively, in HAPH+ versus others. In highlanders, multivariable regression analysis confirmed an independent association between mPAP and both AHI and T<90, when controlled for age, gender and body mass index.Pulmonary hypertension in highlanders is associated with sleep apnoea and hypoxaemia even when adjusted for age, gender and body mass index, suggesting pathophysiologic interactions between pulmonary haemodynamics and sleep apnoea.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Pneumology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2017
Deposited On:19 Jan 2017 10:22
Last Modified:22 Feb 2017 02:03
Publisher:European Respiratory Society
ISSN:0903-1936
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01530-2016
Official URL:http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/early/2016/12/22/13993003.01530-2016.long
PubMed ID:28007792

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