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High-density electroencephalographic recordings during sleep in children with disorders of consciousness


Mouthon, Anne-Laure; van Hedel, Hubertus J A; Meyer-Heim, Andreas; Kurth, Salome; Ringli, Maya; Pugin, Fiona; Huber, Reto (2016). High-density electroencephalographic recordings during sleep in children with disorders of consciousness. NeuroImage: Clinical, 11:468-475.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A large number of studies have investigated neural correlates of consciousness in adults. However, knowledge about brain function in children with disorders of consciousness (DOC) is very limited. We suggest that EEG recordings during sleep are a promising approach. In healthy adults as well as in children, it has been shown that the activity of sleep slow waves (EEG spectral power 1-4.5 Hz), the primary characteristic of deep sleep, is dependent on use during previous wakefulness. Thus the regulation of slow wave activity (SWA) provides indirect insights into brain function during wakefulness.
METHODS: In the present study, we investigated high-density EEG recordings during sleep in ten healthy children and in ten children with acquired brain injury, including five children with DOC and five children with acquired brain injury without DOC. We used the build-up of SWA to quantify SWA regulation.
RESULTS: Children with DOC showed a global reduction in the SWA build-up when compared to both, healthy children and children with acquired brain injury without DOC. This reduction was most pronounced over parietal brain areas. Comparisons within the group of children with DOC revealed that the parietal SWA build-up was the lowest in patients showing poor outcome. Longitudinal measurements during the recovery period showed an increase in parietal SWA build-up from the first to the second sleep recording.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the reduced parietal SWA regulation may represent a characteristic topographical marker for brain network dysfunction in children with DOC. In the future, the regulation of SWA might be used as a complementary assessment in adult and paediatric patients with DOC.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A large number of studies have investigated neural correlates of consciousness in adults. However, knowledge about brain function in children with disorders of consciousness (DOC) is very limited. We suggest that EEG recordings during sleep are a promising approach. In healthy adults as well as in children, it has been shown that the activity of sleep slow waves (EEG spectral power 1-4.5 Hz), the primary characteristic of deep sleep, is dependent on use during previous wakefulness. Thus the regulation of slow wave activity (SWA) provides indirect insights into brain function during wakefulness.
METHODS: In the present study, we investigated high-density EEG recordings during sleep in ten healthy children and in ten children with acquired brain injury, including five children with DOC and five children with acquired brain injury without DOC. We used the build-up of SWA to quantify SWA regulation.
RESULTS: Children with DOC showed a global reduction in the SWA build-up when compared to both, healthy children and children with acquired brain injury without DOC. This reduction was most pronounced over parietal brain areas. Comparisons within the group of children with DOC revealed that the parietal SWA build-up was the lowest in patients showing poor outcome. Longitudinal measurements during the recovery period showed an increase in parietal SWA build-up from the first to the second sleep recording.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the reduced parietal SWA regulation may represent a characteristic topographical marker for brain network dysfunction in children with DOC. In the future, the regulation of SWA might be used as a complementary assessment in adult and paediatric patients with DOC.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:16 Jan 2017 13:28
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 11:35
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-1582
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2016.03.012
PubMed ID:27104141

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