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Inhibition of SLC drug transporter activities by environmental bisphenols


Bruyere, Arnaud; Hubert, Céline; Le Vee, Marc; Chedik, Lisa; Sayyed, Katia; Stieger, Bruno; Denizot, Claire; Parmentier, Yannick; Fardel, Olivier (2017). Inhibition of SLC drug transporter activities by environmental bisphenols. Toxicology in Vitro, 40:34-44.

Abstract

The plastic component bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to exert deleterious effects towards human health and targets various cellular and molecular pathways, including activity of ATP-binding cassette drug transporters. The present study was designed to determine whether BPA and some derivatives, like its substitutes bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) and the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), may additionally interact with solute carrier (SLC) drug transporters. Activities of the various following SLC transporters were inhibited in a major way (by >60%) by 100μM bisphenols: OCT1 and MATE1 (by BPA and TBBPA), OATP1B1 (by BPA, BPF and TBBPA), OATP1B3 and NTCP (by TBBPA) and OAT3 (by BPA, BPF, BPS and TBBPA); by contrast, activities of other transporters were not impacted (MATE2-K) or were stimulated (notably OCT1 by BPS and OCT2 by BPF). Transporter inhibitions due to bisphenols were concentrations-dependent, with half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) ranging from 0.5μM to 73.5μM. BPA was finally shown to be not transported by OAT3, although inhibiting this transporter in a competitive manner. Taken together, these data indicate that bisphenols interact with SLC transporters, at concentration levels however rather higher than those occurring in humans in response to environmental exposure.

Abstract

The plastic component bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to exert deleterious effects towards human health and targets various cellular and molecular pathways, including activity of ATP-binding cassette drug transporters. The present study was designed to determine whether BPA and some derivatives, like its substitutes bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) and the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), may additionally interact with solute carrier (SLC) drug transporters. Activities of the various following SLC transporters were inhibited in a major way (by >60%) by 100μM bisphenols: OCT1 and MATE1 (by BPA and TBBPA), OATP1B1 (by BPA, BPF and TBBPA), OATP1B3 and NTCP (by TBBPA) and OAT3 (by BPA, BPF, BPS and TBBPA); by contrast, activities of other transporters were not impacted (MATE2-K) or were stimulated (notably OCT1 by BPS and OCT2 by BPF). Transporter inhibitions due to bisphenols were concentrations-dependent, with half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) ranging from 0.5μM to 73.5μM. BPA was finally shown to be not transported by OAT3, although inhibiting this transporter in a competitive manner. Taken together, these data indicate that bisphenols interact with SLC transporters, at concentration levels however rather higher than those occurring in humans in response to environmental exposure.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:17 Jan 2017 14:02
Last Modified:17 Jan 2017 14:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0887-2333
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2016.12.009
PubMed ID:27989701

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