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Increased interreader agreement in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using an adapted LI-RADS algorithm


Becker, Anton S; Barth, Borna K; Marquez, Paulo H; Donati, Olivio F; Ulbrich, Erika J; Karlo, Christoph; Reiner, Cäcilia S; Fischer, Michael A (2017). Increased interreader agreement in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma using an adapted LI-RADS algorithm. European Journal of Radiology, 86:33-40.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate a simplified Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) algorithm to improve interreader agreement while maintaining diagnostic performance for HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI scans of 84 cirrhotic patients with 104 distinct liver observations were retrospectively selected to equivocally match each of the LI-RADS grades (LR1-5) using histopathology and imaging follow up as standard of reference. Four independent radiologists categorized all observations as benign (LR1-2) or potentially malignant (LR3-5) and determined LI-RADS based imaging features including observation size, arterial phase hyperenhancement, washout, capsule appearance and threshold growth for LR3-5 observations and timed their readouts. LR3-5 observations were categorized according to the LI-RADS v2014 algorithm and according to a modified LI-RADS (mLI-RADS) version. Diagnostic performance and Interreader agreement were determined for LI-RADS and mLI-RADS using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and Fleiss' and Cohen's Kappa analysis respectively. RESULTS ROC analysis revealed equal diagnostic performance for LI-RADS and mLI-RADS (area under the ROC curve=0.91). Interreader agreement was higher using mLI-RADS as compared to current LI-RADS showing an improved overall (κ=0.53±0.04 vs. 0.45±0.04), and pair-wise agreement between most readers (κ range 0.44-0.62 vs. 0.35-0.60) at a reduced median evaluation time (51 vs. 62s per observation, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION Focusing on observation size and washout criteria using a modified, stepwise LI-RADS decision tree for LR3-5 observations results in higher interobserver reliability and faster categorization while maintaining diagnostic accuracy.

Abstract

PURPOSE To evaluate a simplified Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) algorithm to improve interreader agreement while maintaining diagnostic performance for HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS MRI scans of 84 cirrhotic patients with 104 distinct liver observations were retrospectively selected to equivocally match each of the LI-RADS grades (LR1-5) using histopathology and imaging follow up as standard of reference. Four independent radiologists categorized all observations as benign (LR1-2) or potentially malignant (LR3-5) and determined LI-RADS based imaging features including observation size, arterial phase hyperenhancement, washout, capsule appearance and threshold growth for LR3-5 observations and timed their readouts. LR3-5 observations were categorized according to the LI-RADS v2014 algorithm and according to a modified LI-RADS (mLI-RADS) version. Diagnostic performance and Interreader agreement were determined for LI-RADS and mLI-RADS using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and Fleiss' and Cohen's Kappa analysis respectively. RESULTS ROC analysis revealed equal diagnostic performance for LI-RADS and mLI-RADS (area under the ROC curve=0.91). Interreader agreement was higher using mLI-RADS as compared to current LI-RADS showing an improved overall (κ=0.53±0.04 vs. 0.45±0.04), and pair-wise agreement between most readers (κ range 0.44-0.62 vs. 0.35-0.60) at a reduced median evaluation time (51 vs. 62s per observation, p<0.0001). CONCLUSION Focusing on observation size and washout criteria using a modified, stepwise LI-RADS decision tree for LR3-5 observations results in higher interobserver reliability and faster categorization while maintaining diagnostic accuracy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:20 Jan 2017 08:09
Last Modified:31 Mar 2017 07:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2016.11.004
PubMed ID:28027763

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