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The effect of S-adenosylmethionine on self-mutilation in a patient with Lesch-Nyhan disease


Lauber, Matthias; Plecko, Barbara; Pfiffner, Miriam; Nuoffer, Jean-Marc; Häberle, Johannes (2016). The effect of S-adenosylmethionine on self-mutilation in a patient with Lesch-Nyhan disease. JIMD Reports:1-7.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is an X-chromosomal disorder of purine metabolism characterized by hyperuricemia, dystonia, and self-mutilation, leading to an extremely high burden of disease in affected patients and families. Although allopurinol therapy can control hyperuricemia, it has no effect on self-mutilation and neurological symptoms. Single reports describe a beneficial effect of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) on the neurological symptoms, which motivated us to evaluate this alternative treatment.
METHODS: We performed a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to analyze the effects of SAM on self-mutilation attempts in a male patient affected by LND. The trial lasted for 282 days and comprised three alternating verum and placebo periods of 50 days each. The mother of the patient recorded attempts of self-mutilation during the entire trial.
RESULTS: While verum and placebo were both well tolerated, a total of 1,762 events of self-mutilation were recorded, of which 1,281 events were in the placebo period and 481 in the verum period. The daily mean of events was 8.6 with placebo and 4.5 with SAM corresponding to a 50 % decrease in self-mutilation events under SAM treatment (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The results of this double-blind placebo-controlled single-case trial suggest that SAM can have a beneficial effect on self-mutilation in patients with LND, possibly by replenishing the purine pool in affected brain cells.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is an X-chromosomal disorder of purine metabolism characterized by hyperuricemia, dystonia, and self-mutilation, leading to an extremely high burden of disease in affected patients and families. Although allopurinol therapy can control hyperuricemia, it has no effect on self-mutilation and neurological symptoms. Single reports describe a beneficial effect of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) on the neurological symptoms, which motivated us to evaluate this alternative treatment.
METHODS: We performed a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to analyze the effects of SAM on self-mutilation attempts in a male patient affected by LND. The trial lasted for 282 days and comprised three alternating verum and placebo periods of 50 days each. The mother of the patient recorded attempts of self-mutilation during the entire trial.
RESULTS: While verum and placebo were both well tolerated, a total of 1,762 events of self-mutilation were recorded, of which 1,281 events were in the placebo period and 481 in the verum period. The daily mean of events was 8.6 with placebo and 4.5 with SAM corresponding to a 50 % decrease in self-mutilation events under SAM treatment (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The results of this double-blind placebo-controlled single-case trial suggest that SAM can have a beneficial effect on self-mutilation in patients with LND, possibly by replenishing the purine pool in affected brain cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:14 June 2016
Deposited On:27 Jan 2017 13:39
Last Modified:03 Jun 2017 10:58
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2192-8304
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/8904_2016_571
PubMed ID:27295197

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