Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Prevention and therapy of leg ischaemia in extracorporeal life support and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with peripheral cannulation


von Segesser, Ludwig; Marinakis, Sotirios; Berdajs, Denis; Ferrari, Enrico; Wilhelm, Markus; Maisano, Francesco (2016). Prevention and therapy of leg ischaemia in extracorporeal life support and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with peripheral cannulation. Swiss Medical Weekly, 146:1-9.

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) have been around for a long time, but it is only in recent years, with the advent of acute respiratory distress syndrome consecutive to influenza A (H1N1) infection, that these life-saving technologies have seen a broader application. Although the results of ECLS and ECMO are perceived as generally encouraging, there are still disturbing complications related to peripheral cannulation in general and, more specifically, to cannulation in the groin. The present review was designed to assess the magnitude of this latter problem, i.e. leg ischaemia related to ECLS and ECMO, in the literature and to identify strategies for possible therapies and, more importantly, prevention. The search strategy selected identified seven original articles with more than twenty patients, totalling 407 patients who underwent veno-arterial ECMO, and one large review dealing with all kinds of complications. For the original reports, the number of cases with veno-arterial support ranged from 21 to 143, with, as far as available, frequency of ischaemic complications between 11% and 52%, a reported range of surgical intervention between 9% and 22%, and a leg amputation rate from 2% to 10%. It appears that the number of reports dealing with lower extremity ischaemia during ECMO increases in parallel with the number of reports about ECMO. Strategies for early detection of peripheral ischaemia, interventions for efficient reperfusion, and measures for prevention including new concepts with smaller and eventually bidirectional arterial cannulas are discussed.

Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) have been around for a long time, but it is only in recent years, with the advent of acute respiratory distress syndrome consecutive to influenza A (H1N1) infection, that these life-saving technologies have seen a broader application. Although the results of ECLS and ECMO are perceived as generally encouraging, there are still disturbing complications related to peripheral cannulation in general and, more specifically, to cannulation in the groin. The present review was designed to assess the magnitude of this latter problem, i.e. leg ischaemia related to ECLS and ECMO, in the literature and to identify strategies for possible therapies and, more importantly, prevention. The search strategy selected identified seven original articles with more than twenty patients, totalling 407 patients who underwent veno-arterial ECMO, and one large review dealing with all kinds of complications. For the original reports, the number of cases with veno-arterial support ranged from 21 to 143, with, as far as available, frequency of ischaemic complications between 11% and 52%, a reported range of surgical intervention between 9% and 22%, and a leg amputation rate from 2% to 10%. It appears that the number of reports dealing with lower extremity ischaemia during ECMO increases in parallel with the number of reports about ECMO. Strategies for early detection of peripheral ischaemia, interventions for efficient reperfusion, and measures for prevention including new concepts with smaller and eventually bidirectional arterial cannulas are discussed.

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

26 downloads since deposited on 08 Feb 2017
26 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:08 Feb 2017 15:41
Last Modified:08 Feb 2017 15:42
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0036-7672
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2016.14304
PubMed ID:27153458

Download

Download PDF  'Prevention and therapy of leg ischaemia in extracorporeal life support and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation with peripheral cannulation'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)