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Neural sampling by irregular gating inhibition of spiking neurons and attractor networks


Muller, Lorenz K.; Indiveri, Giacomo (2016). Neural sampling by irregular gating inhibition of spiking neurons and attractor networks. arXiv: Quantitative Biology/Neurons and Cognition 1605.06925, Institute of Neuroinformatics.

Abstract

A long tradition in theoretical neuroscience casts sensory processing in the brain as the process of inferring the maximally consistent interpretations of imperfect sensory input. Recently it has been shown that Gamma-band inhibition can enable neural attractor networks to approximately carry out such a sampling mechanism. In this paper we propose a novel neural network model based on irregular gating inhibition, show analytically how it implements a Monte-Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) sampler, and describe how it can be used to model networks of both neural attractors as well as of single spiking neurons. Finally we show how this model applied to spiking neurons gives rise to a new putative mechanism that could be used to implement stochastic synaptic weights in biological neural networks and in neuromorphic hardware.

Abstract

A long tradition in theoretical neuroscience casts sensory processing in the brain as the process of inferring the maximally consistent interpretations of imperfect sensory input. Recently it has been shown that Gamma-band inhibition can enable neural attractor networks to approximately carry out such a sampling mechanism. In this paper we propose a novel neural network model based on irregular gating inhibition, show analytically how it implements a Monte-Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) sampler, and describe how it can be used to model networks of both neural attractors as well as of single spiking neurons. Finally we show how this model applied to spiking neurons gives rise to a new putative mechanism that could be used to implement stochastic synaptic weights in biological neural networks and in neuromorphic hardware.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Neuroinformatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:26 Jan 2017 11:48
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 11:46
Series Name:arXiv: Quantitative Biology/Neurons and Cognition
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://arxiv.org/abs/1605.06925

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