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Long-term effects of the implementation of state-wide exit exams: a multilevel regression analysis of mediation effects of teaching practices on students’ motivational orientations


Maag Merki, Katharina; Oerke, Britta (2017). Long-term effects of the implementation of state-wide exit exams: a multilevel regression analysis of mediation effects of teaching practices on students’ motivational orientations. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 29(1):23-54.

Abstract

This study extends previous research investigating the effects of state-wide exit exams by studying the change from a class-based to a state-wide exit exam system over 5 years, using multilevel analyses and examining mediating effects of teachers’ practices on students’ motivational orientations. In this multi-cohort study, we analyzed in particular the effects on students’ interest, scholastic self-efficacy, and persistence in advanced level English courses (N = 1835) and mathematics courses (N = 1336) in two states in Germany (28 schools). Descriptive analyses, multivariate hierarchical regression analyses, and differences-in-differences analyses were carried out. The results revealed long-term effects of the implementation of state-wide exit exams particularly in the advanced level English courses. Here, a close relationship between the change in all analyzed motivational orientations and teacher support perceived by the students can be identified. These results show the ambivalent effects of state-wide exit exams: Due to the increased teacher competence support, students’ interest is enhanced in the long term. However, scholastic self-efficacy and persistence might have been negatively affected by state-wide exams, if teacher competence support had not increased over time. In the advanced level mathematics courses, the results are mixed. Implications for further research are discussed.

Abstract

This study extends previous research investigating the effects of state-wide exit exams by studying the change from a class-based to a state-wide exit exam system over 5 years, using multilevel analyses and examining mediating effects of teachers’ practices on students’ motivational orientations. In this multi-cohort study, we analyzed in particular the effects on students’ interest, scholastic self-efficacy, and persistence in advanced level English courses (N = 1835) and mathematics courses (N = 1336) in two states in Germany (28 schools). Descriptive analyses, multivariate hierarchical regression analyses, and differences-in-differences analyses were carried out. The results revealed long-term effects of the implementation of state-wide exit exams particularly in the advanced level English courses. Here, a close relationship between the change in all analyzed motivational orientations and teacher support perceived by the students can be identified. These results show the ambivalent effects of state-wide exit exams: Due to the increased teacher competence support, students’ interest is enhanced in the long term. However, scholastic self-efficacy and persistence might have been negatively affected by state-wide exams, if teacher competence support had not increased over time. In the advanced level mathematics courses, the results are mixed. Implications for further research are discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:26 Jan 2017 16:04
Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 10:37
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1874-8597
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11092-016-9244-y
Related URLs:http://link.springer.com/journal/11092
http://link.springer.com/ (Publisher)

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