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Early responses of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts to cyclic and static mechanical stretching


Papadopoulou, Adamantia; Iliadi, Anna; Eliades, Theodore; Kletsas, Dimitris (2017). Early responses of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts to cyclic and static mechanical stretching. European Journal of Orthodontics, 39(3):258-263.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the mechanotransduction caused by cyclic and static mechanical strains in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs) cultured under identical conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS hPDLFs, originating from the same donors, were exposed either to cyclic or to static tensile strain using specially designed devices and under identical culture conditions. Activation of all members of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was monitored by western immunoblot analysis. Expression levels of immediate/early genes c-fos and c-jun were assessed with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS Time course experiments revealed that both types of stresses activate the three members of MAPK, that is ERK, p38, and JNK, with cyclic stress exhibiting a slightly more extended activation. Further downstream, both stresses upregulate the immediate/early genes c-fos and c-jun, encoding components of the activator protein-1 (AP-1), a key transcription factor in osteoblastic differentiation; again cyclic strain provokes a more intense upregulation. Six hours after the application of both strains, MAPK activation and gene expression return to basal levels. Finally, cells exposed to cyclic stress for longer periods are distributed approximately perpendicular to the axis of the applied strain, whereas cells exposed to static loading remain in a random orientation in culture. CONCLUSION The findings of the present study indicate similar, although not identical, immediate/early responses of hPDLs to cyclic and static stretching, with cyclic strain provoking a more intense adaptive response of these cells to mechanical deformation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To compare the mechanotransduction caused by cyclic and static mechanical strains in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (hPDLFs) cultured under identical conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS hPDLFs, originating from the same donors, were exposed either to cyclic or to static tensile strain using specially designed devices and under identical culture conditions. Activation of all members of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) was monitored by western immunoblot analysis. Expression levels of immediate/early genes c-fos and c-jun were assessed with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS Time course experiments revealed that both types of stresses activate the three members of MAPK, that is ERK, p38, and JNK, with cyclic stress exhibiting a slightly more extended activation. Further downstream, both stresses upregulate the immediate/early genes c-fos and c-jun, encoding components of the activator protein-1 (AP-1), a key transcription factor in osteoblastic differentiation; again cyclic strain provokes a more intense upregulation. Six hours after the application of both strains, MAPK activation and gene expression return to basal levels. Finally, cells exposed to cyclic stress for longer periods are distributed approximately perpendicular to the axis of the applied strain, whereas cells exposed to static loading remain in a random orientation in culture. CONCLUSION The findings of the present study indicate similar, although not identical, immediate/early responses of hPDLs to cyclic and static stretching, with cyclic strain provoking a more intense adaptive response of these cells to mechanical deformation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 June 2017
Deposited On:01 Feb 2017 15:09
Last Modified:21 Sep 2017 01:00
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0141-5387
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjw075
PubMed ID:27932408

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