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The influence of timing and frequency of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell therapy on immunomodulation outcomes after vascularized composite allotransplantation


Plock, Jan A; Schnider, Jonas T; Schweizer, Riccardo; Zhang, Wensheng; Tsuji, Wakako; Waldner, Matthias; Solari, Mario G; Marra, Kacey G; Rubin, J Peter; Gorantla, Vijay S (2017). The influence of timing and frequency of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell therapy on immunomodulation outcomes after vascularized composite allotransplantation. Transplantation, 101(1):e1-e11.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cellular therapies for immunomodulation in vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) have gained importance due to their potential for minimization of immunosuppression. Adipose-derived (AD) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) especially have shown encouraging potential. We investigated the influence of timing and frequency of AD-MSC treatment on immunologic and graft survival as well as graft vasculopathy outcomes after VCA.
METHODS: Lewis rats received full-mismatched Brown Norway rat hindlimb transplants. Recipient animals were assigned to groups receiving donor-derived AD-MSCs (10 cells/animal) either on postoperative day (POD) 1, POD 4, or repeatedly on POD 4, 8, and 15, and compared to untreated controls.
RESULTS: Although AD-MSC administration on POD 1 or POD 4, 8, and 15 resulted in 50% long-term graft acceptance, recipients treated on POD 4, and controls rejected before POD 50. All treated animals revealed peripheral blood chimerism (4 weeks), most pronounced after repetitive cell administration (12.92% vs 5.03% [POD 1] vs 6.31% [POD 4]; P < 0.05; all P < 0.01 vs control 1.45%). Chimerism was associated with the generation of regulatory T cells (CD4CD25FoxP3). In vitro mixed lymphocyte reactions revealed modulation of the recipient immune response after AD-MSC treatment. Graft arteries at end point revealed significant differences of arterial intimal thickness between rejecting and AD-MSC-treated animals (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results point to the potential for repetitive AD-MSC administration in improving outcomes after VCA. Future studies are warranted into optimization of the dosing and frequency of AD-MSC therapy, either alone or used in, combination with other cell therapies (such as hematopoietic stem cells or bone marrow-derived MSC or dendritic cells) for optimization of appropriate conditioning or maintenance regimens.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cellular therapies for immunomodulation in vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) have gained importance due to their potential for minimization of immunosuppression. Adipose-derived (AD) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) especially have shown encouraging potential. We investigated the influence of timing and frequency of AD-MSC treatment on immunologic and graft survival as well as graft vasculopathy outcomes after VCA.
METHODS: Lewis rats received full-mismatched Brown Norway rat hindlimb transplants. Recipient animals were assigned to groups receiving donor-derived AD-MSCs (10 cells/animal) either on postoperative day (POD) 1, POD 4, or repeatedly on POD 4, 8, and 15, and compared to untreated controls.
RESULTS: Although AD-MSC administration on POD 1 or POD 4, 8, and 15 resulted in 50% long-term graft acceptance, recipients treated on POD 4, and controls rejected before POD 50. All treated animals revealed peripheral blood chimerism (4 weeks), most pronounced after repetitive cell administration (12.92% vs 5.03% [POD 1] vs 6.31% [POD 4]; P < 0.05; all P < 0.01 vs control 1.45%). Chimerism was associated with the generation of regulatory T cells (CD4CD25FoxP3). In vitro mixed lymphocyte reactions revealed modulation of the recipient immune response after AD-MSC treatment. Graft arteries at end point revealed significant differences of arterial intimal thickness between rejecting and AD-MSC-treated animals (P < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results point to the potential for repetitive AD-MSC administration in improving outcomes after VCA. Future studies are warranted into optimization of the dosing and frequency of AD-MSC therapy, either alone or used in, combination with other cell therapies (such as hematopoietic stem cells or bone marrow-derived MSC or dendritic cells) for optimization of appropriate conditioning or maintenance regimens.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 10:25
Last Modified:06 Feb 2017 10:25
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0041-1337
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000001498
PubMed ID:27893612

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