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Intracardiac versus transesophageal echocardiography for left atrial appendage occlusion with watchman


Frangieh, Antonio H; Alibegovic, Jasmina; Templin, Christian; Gaemperli, Oliver; Obeid, Slayman; Manka, Robert; Holy, Erik W; Maier, Willibald; Lüscher, Thomas F; Binder, Ronald K (2017). Intracardiac versus transesophageal echocardiography for left atrial appendage occlusion with watchman. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 90(2):331-338.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is mostly performed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guidance. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) may be an alternative imaging modality for LAAO that precludes the need for general anesthesia or sedation.
METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive single center, single operator LAAO candidates were analyzed. Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were compared between patients in whom a Watchman was implanted with ICE vs. TEE guidance. In 76 consecutive patients the Watchman device was deployed under ICE in 32 patients (42%) and under TEE guidance in 44 patients (58%). Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups, except that patients in the TEE group were older (81 [75-85] years vs. 75 [68-80] years, P = 0.007). Total injected contrast media as well as fluoroscopy time were comparable between groups (90 ml [54-140] vs. 85 ml [80-110], P = 0.86 and 7.9 min [6.4-15.5] vs. 9.8 min [7.0-13.2], P = 0.51, for TEE vs. ICE, respectively). However, time from femoral venous puncture to transseptal puncture and to closure was longer in the ICE group (14 min [7.3-20] vs. 6 min [3.3-11], P = 0.007 and 48 min [40-60] vs. 34.5 min [27-44], P = 0.003, respectively). In the TEE group one patient suffered esophageal erosion with bleeding, which was managed conservatively and one non-LAAO related in-hospital mortality occurred in an 88-year-old patient. Device implantation success rate was 100% in both groups. No device embolization, no significant peri-device leak, no tamponade, no stroke, and no access site bleeding occurred in any patient. Total hospital stay for stand-alone LAAO was comparable between groups (2 days [2-2] vs. 2 days [2-3.3], P = 0.17, in ICE vs. TEE, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: ICE guidance for LAAO with the Watchman device is feasible and comparable to TEE and may become the preferred imaging modality for LAAO. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is mostly performed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guidance. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) may be an alternative imaging modality for LAAO that precludes the need for general anesthesia or sedation.
METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive single center, single operator LAAO candidates were analyzed. Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics and in-hospital outcomes were compared between patients in whom a Watchman was implanted with ICE vs. TEE guidance. In 76 consecutive patients the Watchman device was deployed under ICE in 32 patients (42%) and under TEE guidance in 44 patients (58%). Baseline characteristics were comparable between groups, except that patients in the TEE group were older (81 [75-85] years vs. 75 [68-80] years, P = 0.007). Total injected contrast media as well as fluoroscopy time were comparable between groups (90 ml [54-140] vs. 85 ml [80-110], P = 0.86 and 7.9 min [6.4-15.5] vs. 9.8 min [7.0-13.2], P = 0.51, for TEE vs. ICE, respectively). However, time from femoral venous puncture to transseptal puncture and to closure was longer in the ICE group (14 min [7.3-20] vs. 6 min [3.3-11], P = 0.007 and 48 min [40-60] vs. 34.5 min [27-44], P = 0.003, respectively). In the TEE group one patient suffered esophageal erosion with bleeding, which was managed conservatively and one non-LAAO related in-hospital mortality occurred in an 88-year-old patient. Device implantation success rate was 100% in both groups. No device embolization, no significant peri-device leak, no tamponade, no stroke, and no access site bleeding occurred in any patient. Total hospital stay for stand-alone LAAO was comparable between groups (2 days [2-2] vs. 2 days [2-3.3], P = 0.17, in ICE vs. TEE, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: ICE guidance for LAAO with the Watchman device is feasible and comparable to TEE and may become the preferred imaging modality for LAAO. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 11:48
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 23:03
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1522-1946
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.26805
PubMed ID:27649848

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