Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Root canal morphology and configuration of 118 mandibular first molars by means of micro-computed tomography: an ex vivo study


Wolf, Thomas Gerhard; Paqué, Frank; Zeller, Maximilian; Willershausen, Brita; Briseño-Marroquín, Benjamín (2016). Root canal morphology and configuration of 118 mandibular first molars by means of micro-computed tomography: an ex vivo study. Journal of Endodontics, 42(4):610-614.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate the root canal system morphology of the mandibular first molar by means of micro-computed tomography.
METHODS The root canal configuration, foramina, and accessory canals frequency of 118 mandibular first molars were investigated by means of micro-computed tomography and 3-dimensional software imaging. A 4-digit system describes the root canal configuration from the coronal to apical thirds and the main foramina number.
RESULTS The most frequent root canal configurations in mesial root were 2-2-2/2 (31.4%), 2-2-1/1 (15.3%), and 2-2-2/3 (11.9%); another 24 different root canal configurations were observed in this root. A 1-1-1/1 (58.5%), 1-1-1/2 (10.2%), and 16 other root canal configurations were observed in the distal root. The mesiobuccal root canal showed 1-4 foramina in 24.6%, and the mesiolingual showed 1-3 foramina in 28.0%. One connecting canal between the mesial root canals was observed in 30.5% and 2 in 3.4%. The distolingual root canal showed 1-4 foramina in 23.7%, whereas a foramen in the distobuccal root canal was rarely detected (3.4%). The mesiobuccal, mesiolingual, and distolingual root canals showed at least 1 accessory canal (14.3, 10.2, and 4.2%, respectively), but the distobuccal had none.
CONCLUSIONS The root canal configuration of mandibular first molars varies strongly. According to our expectations, both the mesial and distal roots showed a high number of morphologic diversifications. The root canal system of the mesial root showed more root canal configuration variations, connecting and accessory canals than the distal root.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to investigate the root canal system morphology of the mandibular first molar by means of micro-computed tomography.
METHODS The root canal configuration, foramina, and accessory canals frequency of 118 mandibular first molars were investigated by means of micro-computed tomography and 3-dimensional software imaging. A 4-digit system describes the root canal configuration from the coronal to apical thirds and the main foramina number.
RESULTS The most frequent root canal configurations in mesial root were 2-2-2/2 (31.4%), 2-2-1/1 (15.3%), and 2-2-2/3 (11.9%); another 24 different root canal configurations were observed in this root. A 1-1-1/1 (58.5%), 1-1-1/2 (10.2%), and 16 other root canal configurations were observed in the distal root. The mesiobuccal root canal showed 1-4 foramina in 24.6%, and the mesiolingual showed 1-3 foramina in 28.0%. One connecting canal between the mesial root canals was observed in 30.5% and 2 in 3.4%. The distolingual root canal showed 1-4 foramina in 23.7%, whereas a foramen in the distobuccal root canal was rarely detected (3.4%). The mesiobuccal, mesiolingual, and distolingual root canals showed at least 1 accessory canal (14.3, 10.2, and 4.2%, respectively), but the distobuccal had none.
CONCLUSIONS The root canal configuration of mandibular first molars varies strongly. According to our expectations, both the mesial and distal roots showed a high number of morphologic diversifications. The root canal system of the mesial root showed more root canal configuration variations, connecting and accessory canals than the distal root.

Statistics

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

40 downloads since deposited on 06 Feb 2017
40 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2016
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 11:49
Last Modified:30 Apr 2017 00:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0099-2399
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2016.01.004
PubMed ID:26906239

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 7MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations