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Topographic classification of the thalamus surfaces related to microneurosurgery: a white matter fiber microdissection study


Serra, Carlo; Türe, Uğur; Krayenbühl, Niklaus; Şengül, Gülgün; Yaşargil, Dianne C H; Yaşargil, M Gazi (2017). Topographic classification of the thalamus surfaces related to microneurosurgery: a white matter fiber microdissection study. World Neurosurgery, 97:438-452.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe the topographic anatomy of surgically accessible surfaces of the human thalamus as a guide to surgical exploration of this sensitive area.
METHODS Using the operating microscope, we applied the fiber microdissection technique to study 10 brain specimens. Step-by-step dissections in superior-inferior, medial-lateral, and posterior-anterior directions were conducted to expose the surfaces and nuclei of the thalamus and to investigate the relevant anatomic relationships and visible connections.
RESULTS There were 4 distinct free surfaces of the thalamus identified: lateral ventricle surface, velar surface, cisternal surface, and third ventricle surface. Each is described with reference to recognizable anatomic landmarks and to the underlying thalamic nuclei. The neural structures most commonly encountered during the surgical approach to each individual surface are highlighted and described.
CONCLUSIONS Observations from this study supplement current knowledge, advancing the capabilities to define the exact topographic location of thalamic lesions. This improved understanding of anatomy is valuable when designing the most appropriate and least traumatic surgical approach to thalamic lesions. These proposed surface divisions, based on recognizable anatomic landmarks, can provide more reliable surgical orientation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe the topographic anatomy of surgically accessible surfaces of the human thalamus as a guide to surgical exploration of this sensitive area.
METHODS Using the operating microscope, we applied the fiber microdissection technique to study 10 brain specimens. Step-by-step dissections in superior-inferior, medial-lateral, and posterior-anterior directions were conducted to expose the surfaces and nuclei of the thalamus and to investigate the relevant anatomic relationships and visible connections.
RESULTS There were 4 distinct free surfaces of the thalamus identified: lateral ventricle surface, velar surface, cisternal surface, and third ventricle surface. Each is described with reference to recognizable anatomic landmarks and to the underlying thalamic nuclei. The neural structures most commonly encountered during the surgical approach to each individual surface are highlighted and described.
CONCLUSIONS Observations from this study supplement current knowledge, advancing the capabilities to define the exact topographic location of thalamic lesions. This improved understanding of anatomy is valuable when designing the most appropriate and least traumatic surgical approach to thalamic lesions. These proposed surface divisions, based on recognizable anatomic landmarks, can provide more reliable surgical orientation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:06 Feb 2017 13:08
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 07:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1878-8750
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2016.09.101
PubMed ID:27725299

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