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Swept-source OCT angiography imaging of the foveal avascular zone and macular capillary network density in diabetic retinopathy


Al-Sheikh, Mayss; Akil, Handan; Pfau, Maximilian; Sadda, SriniVas R (2016). Swept-source OCT angiography imaging of the foveal avascular zone and macular capillary network density in diabetic retinopathy. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science [IOVS], 57(8):3907-3913.

Abstract

PURPOSE We compared the area of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and macular capillary network density at different retinal layers using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in normal individuals and patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR).
METHODS Images (a 3 × 3 mm cube centered on the fovea) were acquired in 40 eyes of 22 normal individuals and 28 eyes of 18 patients with varying levels of DR using a swept-source OCT-A device (central wavelength 1050 nm; A-scan-rate of 100,000 scans per second). En face images of the retinal vasculature were generated from the superficial and deep retinal layers (SRL/DRL). Quantitative analysis of the vessel density (VD) and FAZ area was performed. Vessel density was assessed as the ratio of the retinal area occupied by vessels.
RESULTS Among the DR subjects (mean age, 72 years; 61% male), 35.7% of the eyes had mild, 35.7% moderate, and 7.1% severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR), and 21.4% and proliferative DR (PDR). The mean FAZ area in patients with DR and in normal individuals was 0.518 and 0.339 mm2, respectively, for the SRL (P = 0.003), and 0.615 and 0.358 mm2, respectively, for the DRL (P < 0.001). The mean VD (ratio) at the SRL and DRL was statistically significantly lower in patients with DR (SRL, P < 0.001; DRL, P = 0.028).
CONCLUSIONS Swept-source OCT-A of the microcirculation in eyes of patients with DR can be used to quantitatively demonstrate alterations in the FAZ and VD in the SRL/DRL of the macula compared to normal eyes. Future longitudinal studies may use these metrics to evaluate changes over time or in response to treatment.

Abstract

PURPOSE We compared the area of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and macular capillary network density at different retinal layers using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in normal individuals and patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR).
METHODS Images (a 3 × 3 mm cube centered on the fovea) were acquired in 40 eyes of 22 normal individuals and 28 eyes of 18 patients with varying levels of DR using a swept-source OCT-A device (central wavelength 1050 nm; A-scan-rate of 100,000 scans per second). En face images of the retinal vasculature were generated from the superficial and deep retinal layers (SRL/DRL). Quantitative analysis of the vessel density (VD) and FAZ area was performed. Vessel density was assessed as the ratio of the retinal area occupied by vessels.
RESULTS Among the DR subjects (mean age, 72 years; 61% male), 35.7% of the eyes had mild, 35.7% moderate, and 7.1% severe nonproliferative DR (NPDR), and 21.4% and proliferative DR (PDR). The mean FAZ area in patients with DR and in normal individuals was 0.518 and 0.339 mm2, respectively, for the SRL (P = 0.003), and 0.615 and 0.358 mm2, respectively, for the DRL (P < 0.001). The mean VD (ratio) at the SRL and DRL was statistically significantly lower in patients with DR (SRL, P < 0.001; DRL, P = 0.028).
CONCLUSIONS Swept-source OCT-A of the microcirculation in eyes of patients with DR can be used to quantitatively demonstrate alterations in the FAZ and VD in the SRL/DRL of the macula compared to normal eyes. Future longitudinal studies may use these metrics to evaluate changes over time or in response to treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2016
Deposited On:08 Feb 2017 11:41
Last Modified:12 Feb 2017 06:59
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN:0146-0404
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.16-19570
PubMed ID:27472076

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