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Organometallic Derivatization of the Nematocidal Drug Monepantel Leads to Promising Antiparasitic Drug Candidates


Hess, Jeannine; Patra, Malay; Rangasamy, Loganathan; Konatschnig, Sandro; Blacque, Olivier; Jabbar, Abdul; Mac, Patrick; Jorgensen, Erik M; Gasser, Robin B; Gasser, Gilles (2016). Organometallic Derivatization of the Nematocidal Drug Monepantel Leads to Promising Antiparasitic Drug Candidates. Chemistry - A European Journal, 22(46):16602-16612.

Abstract

The discovery of novel drugs against animal parasites is in high demand due to drug-resistance problems encountered around the world. Herein, the synthesis and characterization of 27 organic and organometallic derivatives of the recently launched nematocidal drug monepantel (Zolvix®) are described. The compounds were isolated as racemates and were characterized by 1H, 13C, and 19F NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and IR spectroscopy, and their purity was verified by microanalysis. The molecular structures of nine compounds were confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The anthelmintic activity of the newly designed analogues was evaluated in vitro against the economically important parasites Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Moderate nematocidal activity was observed for nine of the 27 compounds. Three compounds were confirmed as potentiators of a known monepantel target, the ACR-23 ion channel. Production of reactive oxygen species may confer secondary activity to the organometallic analogues. Two compounds, namely, an organic precursor (3 a) and a cymantrene analogue (9 a), showed activities against microfilariae of Dirofilaria immitis in the low microgram per milliliter range.

Abstract

The discovery of novel drugs against animal parasites is in high demand due to drug-resistance problems encountered around the world. Herein, the synthesis and characterization of 27 organic and organometallic derivatives of the recently launched nematocidal drug monepantel (Zolvix®) are described. The compounds were isolated as racemates and were characterized by 1H, 13C, and 19F NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and IR spectroscopy, and their purity was verified by microanalysis. The molecular structures of nine compounds were confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The anthelmintic activity of the newly designed analogues was evaluated in vitro against the economically important parasites Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Moderate nematocidal activity was observed for nine of the 27 compounds. Three compounds were confirmed as potentiators of a known monepantel target, the ACR-23 ion channel. Production of reactive oxygen species may confer secondary activity to the organometallic analogues. Two compounds, namely, an organic precursor (3 a) and a cymantrene analogue (9 a), showed activities against microfilariae of Dirofilaria immitis in the low microgram per milliliter range.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:09 Feb 2017 13:38
Last Modified:09 Feb 2017 13:39
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:0947-6539
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201602851

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