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Probing the pairing symmetry in the over-doped Fe-based superconductor ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{0.35}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{0.65}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ as a function of hydrostatic pressure


Guguchia, Z; Khasanov, R; Bukowski, Z; von Rohr, F; Medarde, M; Biswas, P K; Luetkens, H; Amato, A; Morenzoni, E (2016). Probing the pairing symmetry in the over-doped Fe-based superconductor ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{0.35}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{0.65}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ as a function of hydrostatic pressure. Physical Review B, 93(9):094513.

Abstract

We report muon spin rotation experiments on the magnetic penetration depth ${\lambda}$ and the temperature dependence of ${{\lambda}}^{{-}2}$ in the over-doped Fe-based high-temperature superconductor (Fe-HTS) ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ $(x$ = 0.65) studied at ambient and under hydrostatic pressures up to $p=2.3$ GPa. We find that in this system ${{\lambda}}^{{-}2}(T)$ is best described by $d$-wave scenario. This is in contrast to the case of the optimally doped $x=0.35$ system which is known to be a nodeless ${s}^{+{-}}$-wave superconductor. This suggests that the doping induces the change of the pairing symmetry from ${s}^{+{-}}$ to $d$ wave in ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$. In addition, we find that the $d$-wave order parameter is robust against pressure, suggesting that $d$ is the common and dominant pairing symmetry in over-doped ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$. Application of pressure of $p=2.3$ GPa causes a decrease of ${\lambda}$(0) by less than $5%$, while at optimal doping $x=0.35$ a significant decrease of ${\lambda}$(0) was reported. The superconducting transition temperature ${T}_{c}$ as well as the gap to ${T}_{\mathrm{c}}$ ratio $2\mathrm{{\Delta}}/{k}_{\mathrm{B}}{T}_{\mathrm{c}}$ show only a modest decrease with pressure. By combining the present data with those previously obtained for optimally doped system $x=0.35$ and for the end member $x$ = 1, we conclude that the SC gap symmetry as well as the pressure effects on the SC quantities strongly depend on the Rb doping level. These results are discussed in the light of the putative Lifshitz transition, i.e., a disappearance of the electron pockets in the Fermi surface of ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ upon hole doping.

Abstract

We report muon spin rotation experiments on the magnetic penetration depth ${\lambda}$ and the temperature dependence of ${{\lambda}}^{{-}2}$ in the over-doped Fe-based high-temperature superconductor (Fe-HTS) ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ $(x$ = 0.65) studied at ambient and under hydrostatic pressures up to $p=2.3$ GPa. We find that in this system ${{\lambda}}^{{-}2}(T)$ is best described by $d$-wave scenario. This is in contrast to the case of the optimally doped $x=0.35$ system which is known to be a nodeless ${s}^{+{-}}$-wave superconductor. This suggests that the doping induces the change of the pairing symmetry from ${s}^{+{-}}$ to $d$ wave in ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$. In addition, we find that the $d$-wave order parameter is robust against pressure, suggesting that $d$ is the common and dominant pairing symmetry in over-doped ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$. Application of pressure of $p=2.3$ GPa causes a decrease of ${\lambda}$(0) by less than $5%$, while at optimal doping $x=0.35$ a significant decrease of ${\lambda}$(0) was reported. The superconducting transition temperature ${T}_{c}$ as well as the gap to ${T}_{\mathrm{c}}$ ratio $2\mathrm{{\Delta}}/{k}_{\mathrm{B}}{T}_{\mathrm{c}}$ show only a modest decrease with pressure. By combining the present data with those previously obtained for optimally doped system $x=0.35$ and for the end member $x$ = 1, we conclude that the SC gap symmetry as well as the pressure effects on the SC quantities strongly depend on the Rb doping level. These results are discussed in the light of the putative Lifshitz transition, i.e., a disappearance of the electron pockets in the Fermi surface of ${\mathrm{Ba}}_{1{-}x}{\mathrm{Rb}}_{x}{\mathrm{Fe}}_{2}{\mathrm{As}}_{2}$ upon hole doping.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:13 Feb 2017 15:21
Last Modified:14 Feb 2017 08:52
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2469-9950
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.094513

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