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Physiology recording with magnetic field probes for fMRI denoising


Gross, Simon; Vionnet, Laetitia; Kasper, Lars; Dietrich, Benjamin E; Pruessmann, Klaas P (2017). Physiology recording with magnetic field probes for fMRI denoising. NeuroImage, 154:106-114.

Abstract

Physiological noise originating in cardiovascular and respiratory processes is a substantial confound in BOLD fMRI. When unaccounted for it reduces the temporal SNR and causes error in inferred brain activity and connectivity. Physiology correction typically relies on auxiliary measurements with peripheral devices such as ECG, pulse oximeters, and breathing belts. These require direct skin contact or at least a tight fit, impairing subject comfort and adding to the setup time. In this work, we explore a touch-free alternative for physiology recording, using magnetic detection with NMR field probes. Placed close to the chest such probes offer high sensitivity to cardiovascular and respiratory dynamics without mechanical contact. This is demonstrated by physiology regression in a typical fMRI scenario at 7T, including validation against standard devices. The study confirms essentially equivalent performance of noise models based on conventional recordings and on field probes. It is shown that the field probes may be positioned in the subject's back such that they could be readily integrated in the patient table.

Abstract

Physiological noise originating in cardiovascular and respiratory processes is a substantial confound in BOLD fMRI. When unaccounted for it reduces the temporal SNR and causes error in inferred brain activity and connectivity. Physiology correction typically relies on auxiliary measurements with peripheral devices such as ECG, pulse oximeters, and breathing belts. These require direct skin contact or at least a tight fit, impairing subject comfort and adding to the setup time. In this work, we explore a touch-free alternative for physiology recording, using magnetic detection with NMR field probes. Placed close to the chest such probes offer high sensitivity to cardiovascular and respiratory dynamics without mechanical contact. This is demonstrated by physiology regression in a typical fMRI scenario at 7T, including validation against standard devices. The study confirms essentially equivalent performance of noise models based on conventional recordings and on field probes. It is shown that the field probes may be positioned in the subject's back such that they could be readily integrated in the patient table.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:20 Jun 2017 06:31
Last Modified:23 Jun 2017 01:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1053-8119
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.01.022
PubMed ID:28088483

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