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How social and non-social information influence classification decisions: A computational modelling approach


Puskaric, Marin; von Helversen, Bettina; Rieskamp, Jörg (2017). How social and non-social information influence classification decisions: A computational modelling approach. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70(8):1516-1534.

Abstract

Social information such as observing others can improve performance in decision making. In particular, social information has been shown to be useful when finding the best solution on one's own is difficult, costly, or dangerous. However, past research suggests that when making decisions people do not always consider other people's behaviour when it is at odds with their own experiences. Furthermore, the cognitive processes guiding the integration of social information with individual experiences are still under debate. Here, we conducted two experiments to test whether information about other persons' behaviour influenced people's decisions in a classification task. Furthermore, we examined how social information is integrated with individual learning experiences by testing different computational models. Our results show that social information had a small but reliable influence on people's classifications. The best computational model suggests that in categorization people first make up their own mind based on the non-social information, which is then updated by the social information.

Abstract

Social information such as observing others can improve performance in decision making. In particular, social information has been shown to be useful when finding the best solution on one's own is difficult, costly, or dangerous. However, past research suggests that when making decisions people do not always consider other people's behaviour when it is at odds with their own experiences. Furthermore, the cognitive processes guiding the integration of social information with individual experiences are still under debate. Here, we conducted two experiments to test whether information about other persons' behaviour influenced people's decisions in a classification task. Furthermore, we examined how social information is integrated with individual learning experiences by testing different computational models. Our results show that social information had a small but reliable influence on people's classifications. The best computational model suggests that in categorization people first make up their own mind based on the non-social information, which is then updated by the social information.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Date:August 2017
Deposited On:01 Mar 2017 16:13
Last Modified:13 Jun 2018 15:26
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1747-0218
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in "The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology" on 01.08.2017 available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17470218.2016.1192209.
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2016.1192209
PubMed ID:27311016

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