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Arterial stiffness is strongly and negatively associated with the total volume of red blood cells


Montero, David; Diaz-Cañestro, Candela; Keiser, Stefanie; Lundby, Carsten (2016). Arterial stiffness is strongly and negatively associated with the total volume of red blood cells. International Journal of Cardiology, 221:77-80.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Erythropoiesis is partly regulated through classic feedback pathways that govern blood volume (BV) as sensed by veno-atrial but also arterial stretch receptors. Hence, the total volume of red blood cells (RBCV) could be associated with arterial stiffness (AS), although such hypothesis has not yet been tested. Therefore, we sought to investigate the association of AS with hematological variables including RBCV.
METHODS: Fourteen healthy physically active individuals volunteered for the study (age=23±2). RBCV, plasma volume (PV), and BV were calculated from measures of hematocrit and total hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) determined by CO-rebreathing. Carotid compliance with ultrasonography and carotid-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) were determined at rest and immediately after a maximal exercise test. The rationale for assessment of AS after exercise derives from the potential marked role of AS in the regulation of erythropoiesis in the setting of reduced central venous pressure.
RESULTS: At rest, carotid compliance was positively associated with Hbmass, RBCV, BV, but not PV, with coefficients of determination (R(2)) ranging from 0.39 to 0.57. Following exercise, closer positive associations were observed between carotid compliance and Hbmass, RBCV, or BV. Moreover, carotid-ankle PWV was negatively associated with all hematological variables after exercise except for PV, with R(2) ranging from 0.49 to 0.75. Similar results were observed when adjusted by body weight.
CONCLUSIONS: AS is strongly and inversely associated with RBCV in healthy individuals. These findings suggest that AS may adversely intercede in the regulation of erythropoiesis through the alteration of mechanisms that control BV.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Erythropoiesis is partly regulated through classic feedback pathways that govern blood volume (BV) as sensed by veno-atrial but also arterial stretch receptors. Hence, the total volume of red blood cells (RBCV) could be associated with arterial stiffness (AS), although such hypothesis has not yet been tested. Therefore, we sought to investigate the association of AS with hematological variables including RBCV.
METHODS: Fourteen healthy physically active individuals volunteered for the study (age=23±2). RBCV, plasma volume (PV), and BV were calculated from measures of hematocrit and total hemoglobin mass (Hbmass) determined by CO-rebreathing. Carotid compliance with ultrasonography and carotid-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) were determined at rest and immediately after a maximal exercise test. The rationale for assessment of AS after exercise derives from the potential marked role of AS in the regulation of erythropoiesis in the setting of reduced central venous pressure.
RESULTS: At rest, carotid compliance was positively associated with Hbmass, RBCV, BV, but not PV, with coefficients of determination (R(2)) ranging from 0.39 to 0.57. Following exercise, closer positive associations were observed between carotid compliance and Hbmass, RBCV, or BV. Moreover, carotid-ankle PWV was negatively associated with all hematological variables after exercise except for PV, with R(2) ranging from 0.49 to 0.75. Similar results were observed when adjusted by body weight.
CONCLUSIONS: AS is strongly and inversely associated with RBCV in healthy individuals. These findings suggest that AS may adversely intercede in the regulation of erythropoiesis through the alteration of mechanisms that control BV.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 October 2016
Deposited On:15 Mar 2017 11:28
Last Modified:19 Mar 2017 06:32
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-5273
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.06.265
PubMed ID:27400301

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