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Effect of alterations in blood volume with bed rest on glucose tolerance


Dandanell, S; Oberholzer, L; Keiser, S; Andersen, A B; Haider, T; Hilty, M P; Meinild-Lundby, A K; Lundby, C (2016). Effect of alterations in blood volume with bed rest on glucose tolerance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 121(5):1098-1105.

Abstract

Bed rest leads to rapid impairments in glucose tolerance. Plasma volume and thus dilution space for glucose are also reduced with bed rest, but the potential influence on glucose tolerance has not been investigated. Accordingly, the aim was to investigate whether bed rest-induced impairments in glucose tolerance are related to a concomitant reduction in plasma volume. This hypothesis was tested mechanistically by restoring plasma volume with albumin infusion after bed rest and parallel determination of glucose tolerance. Fifteen healthy volunteers (age 24 ± 3 yr, body mass index 23 ± 2 kg/m(2), maximal oxygen uptake 44 ± 8 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1); means ± SD) completed 4 days of strict bed rest. Glucose tolerance [oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)] and plasma and blood volumes (carbon monoxide rebreathing) were assessed before and after 3 days of bed rest. On the fourth day of bed rest, plasma volume was restored by means of an albumin infusion prior to an OGTT. Plasma volume was reduced by 9.9 ± 3.0% on bed rest day 3 and area under the curve for OGTT was augmented by 55 ± 67%. However, no association (R(2) = 0.09, P = 0.33) between these simultaneously occurring responses was found. While normalization of plasma volume by matched albumin administration (408 ± 104 ml) transiently decreased (P < 0.05) resting plasma glucose concentration (5.0 ± 0.4 to 4.8 ± 0.3 mmol/l), this did not restore glucose tolerance. Bed rest-induced alterations in dilution space may influence resting glucose values but do not affect area under the curve for OGTT.

Abstract

Bed rest leads to rapid impairments in glucose tolerance. Plasma volume and thus dilution space for glucose are also reduced with bed rest, but the potential influence on glucose tolerance has not been investigated. Accordingly, the aim was to investigate whether bed rest-induced impairments in glucose tolerance are related to a concomitant reduction in plasma volume. This hypothesis was tested mechanistically by restoring plasma volume with albumin infusion after bed rest and parallel determination of glucose tolerance. Fifteen healthy volunteers (age 24 ± 3 yr, body mass index 23 ± 2 kg/m(2), maximal oxygen uptake 44 ± 8 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1); means ± SD) completed 4 days of strict bed rest. Glucose tolerance [oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)] and plasma and blood volumes (carbon monoxide rebreathing) were assessed before and after 3 days of bed rest. On the fourth day of bed rest, plasma volume was restored by means of an albumin infusion prior to an OGTT. Plasma volume was reduced by 9.9 ± 3.0% on bed rest day 3 and area under the curve for OGTT was augmented by 55 ± 67%. However, no association (R(2) = 0.09, P = 0.33) between these simultaneously occurring responses was found. While normalization of plasma volume by matched albumin administration (408 ± 104 ml) transiently decreased (P < 0.05) resting plasma glucose concentration (5.0 ± 0.4 to 4.8 ± 0.3 mmol/l), this did not restore glucose tolerance. Bed rest-induced alterations in dilution space may influence resting glucose values but do not affect area under the curve for OGTT.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2016
Deposited On:15 Mar 2017 11:40
Last Modified:15 Mar 2017 11:41
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0161-7567
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00624.2016
PubMed ID:27633742

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