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The hallucinogen 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride activates neurotrophin receptors in a neuronal cell line and promotes neurites extension


Marinova, Zoya; Walitza, Susanne; Grünblatt, Edna (2017). The hallucinogen 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride activates neurotrophin receptors in a neuronal cell line and promotes neurites extension. Journal of Neural Transmission, 124(6):749-759.

Abstract

Decreased neurotrophic factors expression and neurotrophin receptors signalling have repeatedly been reported in association with stress, depression, and neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously identified the hallucinogen 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI) as protective against trophic deprivation-induced cytotoxicity in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells and established the dependence of this effect on the 5-HT2A receptor, tyrosine kinases activity, and the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. In the current study, we investigated the effect of DOI on tropomyosin-related kinase receptor A (TrkA) phosphorylation. Treatment with DOI increased TrkA tyrosine phosphorylation in SK-N-SH cells, determined by immunoprecipitation with TrkA antibody and immunoblotting with anti-phosphotyrosine- and TrkA-antibodies. Analysis of DOI's effect on individual TrkA residues in SK-N-SH cells showed that it increases TrkA Tyr490 phosphorylation (177 ± 23% after 5 μM DOI for 30 min compared to vehicle). Furthermore, DOI treatment increased the percentage of SK-N-SH cells extending neurites in a TrkA-dependent manner (17.2 ± 2.2% after 5 μM DOI treatment for 6 days compared to 5.6 ± 1.7% after vehicle). In a different cell model-lymphoblastoid cell lines-DOI treatment increased tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) phosphorylation, determined by immunoprecipitation with TrkB antibody and immunoblotting with anti-phosphotyrosine antibody and total Trk antibody. Our results identify the Trk receptors as a downstream target of the hallucinogen DOI. In light of the known involvement of Trk receptors in mental diseases, their participation in DOI-mediated effects warrants further investigation.

Abstract

Decreased neurotrophic factors expression and neurotrophin receptors signalling have repeatedly been reported in association with stress, depression, and neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously identified the hallucinogen 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI) as protective against trophic deprivation-induced cytotoxicity in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells and established the dependence of this effect on the 5-HT2A receptor, tyrosine kinases activity, and the extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathway. In the current study, we investigated the effect of DOI on tropomyosin-related kinase receptor A (TrkA) phosphorylation. Treatment with DOI increased TrkA tyrosine phosphorylation in SK-N-SH cells, determined by immunoprecipitation with TrkA antibody and immunoblotting with anti-phosphotyrosine- and TrkA-antibodies. Analysis of DOI's effect on individual TrkA residues in SK-N-SH cells showed that it increases TrkA Tyr490 phosphorylation (177 ± 23% after 5 μM DOI for 30 min compared to vehicle). Furthermore, DOI treatment increased the percentage of SK-N-SH cells extending neurites in a TrkA-dependent manner (17.2 ± 2.2% after 5 μM DOI treatment for 6 days compared to 5.6 ± 1.7% after vehicle). In a different cell model-lymphoblastoid cell lines-DOI treatment increased tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) phosphorylation, determined by immunoprecipitation with TrkB antibody and immunoblotting with anti-phosphotyrosine antibody and total Trk antibody. Our results identify the Trk receptors as a downstream target of the hallucinogen DOI. In light of the known involvement of Trk receptors in mental diseases, their participation in DOI-mediated effects warrants further investigation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Neuroscience Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:18 March 2017
Deposited On:24 Mar 2017 10:59
Last Modified:28 May 2017 01:02
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0300-9564
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-017-1706-y
PubMed ID:28315978

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