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The motor activity of DNA2 functions as an ssDNA translocase to promote DNA end resection


Levikova, Maryna; Pinto, Cosimo; Cejka, Petr (2017). The motor activity of DNA2 functions as an ssDNA translocase to promote DNA end resection. Genes and Development, 31(5):493-502.

Abstract

DNA2 nuclease-helicase functions in DNA replication and recombination. This requires the nuclease of DNA2, while, in contrast, the role of the helicase activity has been unclear. We now show that the motor activity of both recombinant yeast and human DNA2 promotes efficient degradation of long stretches of ssDNA, particularly in the presence of the replication protein A. This degradation is further stimulated by a direct interaction with a cognate RecQ family helicase, which functions with DNA2 in DNA end resection to initiate homologous recombination. Consequently, helicase-deficient yeast dna2 K1080E cells display reduced resection speed of HO-induced DNA double-strand breaks. These results support a model of DNA2 and the RecQ family helicase partner forming a bidirectional motor machine, where the RecQ family helicase is the lead helicase, and the motor of DNA2 functions as a ssDNA translocase to promote degradation of 5'-terminated DNA.

Abstract

DNA2 nuclease-helicase functions in DNA replication and recombination. This requires the nuclease of DNA2, while, in contrast, the role of the helicase activity has been unclear. We now show that the motor activity of both recombinant yeast and human DNA2 promotes efficient degradation of long stretches of ssDNA, particularly in the presence of the replication protein A. This degradation is further stimulated by a direct interaction with a cognate RecQ family helicase, which functions with DNA2 in DNA end resection to initiate homologous recombination. Consequently, helicase-deficient yeast dna2 K1080E cells display reduced resection speed of HO-induced DNA double-strand breaks. These results support a model of DNA2 and the RecQ family helicase partner forming a bidirectional motor machine, where the RecQ family helicase is the lead helicase, and the motor of DNA2 functions as a ssDNA translocase to promote degradation of 5'-terminated DNA.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:23 March 2017
Deposited On:05 Apr 2017 09:58
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 07:49
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
ISSN:0890-9369
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.295196.116
PubMed ID:28336515

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