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Trimethylation and Acetylation of β-Catenin at Lysine 49 Represent Key Elements in ESC Pluripotency


Hoffmeyer, Katrin; Junghans, Dirk; Kanzler, Benoit; Kemler, Rolf (2017). Trimethylation and Acetylation of β-Catenin at Lysine 49 Represent Key Elements in ESC Pluripotency. Cell Reports, 18(12):2815-2824.

Abstract

Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required for embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency by inducing mesodermal differentiation and inhibiting neuronal differentiation; however, how β-catenin counter-regulates these differentiation pathways is unknown. Here, we show that lysine 49 (K49) of β-catenin is trimethylated (β-catMe3) by Ezh2 or acetylated (β-catAc) by Cbp. Significantly, β-catMe3 acts as a transcriptional co-repressor of the neuronal differentiation genes sox1 and sox3, whereas β-catAc acts as a transcriptional co-activator of the key mesodermal differentiation gene t-brachyury (t-bra). Furthermore, β-catMe3 and β-catAc are alternatively enriched on repressed or activated genes, respectively, during ESC and adult stem cell differentiation into neuronal or mesodermal progenitor cell lineages. Importantly, expression of a β-catenin K49A mutant results in major defects in ESC differentiation. We conclude that β-catenin K49 trimethylation and acetylation are key elements in regulating ESC pluripotency and differentiation potential.

Abstract

Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required for embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency by inducing mesodermal differentiation and inhibiting neuronal differentiation; however, how β-catenin counter-regulates these differentiation pathways is unknown. Here, we show that lysine 49 (K49) of β-catenin is trimethylated (β-catMe3) by Ezh2 or acetylated (β-catAc) by Cbp. Significantly, β-catMe3 acts as a transcriptional co-repressor of the neuronal differentiation genes sox1 and sox3, whereas β-catAc acts as a transcriptional co-activator of the key mesodermal differentiation gene t-brachyury (t-bra). Furthermore, β-catMe3 and β-catAc are alternatively enriched on repressed or activated genes, respectively, during ESC and adult stem cell differentiation into neuronal or mesodermal progenitor cell lineages. Importantly, expression of a β-catenin K49A mutant results in major defects in ESC differentiation. We conclude that β-catenin K49 trimethylation and acetylation are key elements in regulating ESC pluripotency and differentiation potential.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 March 2017
Deposited On:31 May 2017 14:40
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 01:06
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2211-1247
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2017.02.076
PubMed ID:28329675

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