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Bowling for Fascism: Social capital and the rise of the Nazi Party


Satyanath, Shanker; Voigtländer, Nico; Voth, Hans-Joachim (2017). Bowling for Fascism: Social capital and the rise of the Nazi Party. Journal of Political Economy, 125(2):478-526.

Abstract

Using newly collected data on association density in 229 towns and cities in interwar Germany, we show that denser social networks were associated with faster entry into the Nazi Party. The effect is large: one standard deviation higher association density is associated with at least 15 percent faster Nazi Party entry. Party membership, in turn, predicts electoral success. Social networks thus aided the rise of the Nazis that destroyed Germany’s first democracy. The effects of social capital depended on the political context: in federal states with more stable governments, higher association density was not correlated with faster Nazi Party entry.

Abstract

Using newly collected data on association density in 229 towns and cities in interwar Germany, we show that denser social networks were associated with faster entry into the Nazi Party. The effect is large: one standard deviation higher association density is associated with at least 15 percent faster Nazi Party entry. Party membership, in turn, predicts electoral success. Social networks thus aided the rise of the Nazis that destroyed Germany’s first democracy. The effects of social capital depended on the political context: in federal states with more stable governments, higher association density was not correlated with faster Nazi Party entry.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fascism; social capital (Sociology); democracy; dictatorship; Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter-Partei
Language:English
Date:April 2017
Deposited On:07 Jun 2017 12:14
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 01:12
Publisher:University of Chicago Press
ISSN:0022-3808
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1086/690949
Related URLs:http://www.zora.uzh.ch/97265/

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