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Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation using cryothermy in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery


Rahmanian, P B; Filsoufi, F; Salzberg, S P; Coppolino, A; Castillo, J G; Adams, D H (2008). Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation using cryothermy in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 7(6):990-995.

Abstract

Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) using a variety of energy sources and a mixture of lesion sets has become an important adjunct in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We retrospectively analyzed prospectively collected data of 141 patients with a history of AF (mean duration of AF 35+/-39 months; intermittent AF: n=72; 51%; permanent AF: 69 (49%)) who underwent a left-sided Cryomaze procedure in conjunction with mitral valve (MV) surgery between January 2003 and September 2006. Freedom from AF was 77% at discharge and 87% at a mean follow-up of 305+/-195 days with a decreasing rate of AF during the first 3-9 months from 13% to 9% and an increase beyond the first year (29% at 2 years). Predictors of failed Cryomaze in multivariate analysis were left atrial size >50 mm (OR=5.7), AF at surgery (OR=5.0) and cardiac reoperation (OR=3.4), whereas preoperative beta-blocker treatment was a predictor of success (OR=0.2). Our data suggest that a left-sided Cryomaze procedure effectively restores sinus rhythm in patients with AF undergoing MV surgery. The success rate should not be evaluated immediately postoperatively because there is a steady increase in the rate of patients with freedom from AF in the first year. It appears, however, that there is a higher rate of recurrence during later follow-up.

Abstract

Surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) using a variety of energy sources and a mixture of lesion sets has become an important adjunct in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We retrospectively analyzed prospectively collected data of 141 patients with a history of AF (mean duration of AF 35+/-39 months; intermittent AF: n=72; 51%; permanent AF: 69 (49%)) who underwent a left-sided Cryomaze procedure in conjunction with mitral valve (MV) surgery between January 2003 and September 2006. Freedom from AF was 77% at discharge and 87% at a mean follow-up of 305+/-195 days with a decreasing rate of AF during the first 3-9 months from 13% to 9% and an increase beyond the first year (29% at 2 years). Predictors of failed Cryomaze in multivariate analysis were left atrial size >50 mm (OR=5.7), AF at surgery (OR=5.0) and cardiac reoperation (OR=3.4), whereas preoperative beta-blocker treatment was a predictor of success (OR=0.2). Our data suggest that a left-sided Cryomaze procedure effectively restores sinus rhythm in patients with AF undergoing MV surgery. The success rate should not be evaluated immediately postoperatively because there is a steady increase in the rate of patients with freedom from AF in the first year. It appears, however, that there is a higher rate of recurrence during later follow-up.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:13 Feb 2009 08:40
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 18:09
Publisher:European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
ISSN:1569-9285
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1510/icvts.2007.172668
PubMed ID:18628344

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