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Determinants of annual change in physical activity in COPD


Clarenbach, Christian F; Sievi, Noriane A; Haile, Sarah R; Brack, Thomas; Brutsche, Martin H; Frey, Martin; Irani, Sarosh; Leuppi, Jörg D; Thurnheer, Robert; Kohler, Malcolm (2017). Determinants of annual change in physical activity in COPD. Respirology, 22(6):1133-1139.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Daily physical activity (PA) is reduced in patients with COPD. Previous cross-sectional analyses indicate various predictors for a low level of PA including airway obstruction, exacerbations and co-morbidities. However, information from longitudinal studies evaluating PA in the context of disease progression, survival and co-morbidities is scant.
METHODS: In a heterogeneous cohort of COPD patients, we annually assessed the number of steps per day over 1 week and potential determinants including lung function, exacerbations and co-morbidities. Univariable and multivariable mixed effect models were used to investigate associations between the change in steps per day (dependent variable) and possible predictors and their annual changes.
RESULTS: A total of 177 COPD patients (46% GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) stage 1/2, 38% stage 3 and 16% stage 4) with a mean (min/max) follow-up time of 2.7 (1/5) years were annually assessed. The number of steps per day decreased significantly over time (P < 0.001) with a mean annual change of -508 steps. The decrease in activity was significantly associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) % predicted (P = 0.020) but not with annual changes in FEV1 . Hyperinflation, exacerbations, co-morbidities and their annual changes, and survival did not significantly affect change in PA.
CONCLUSION: COPD patients have a substantial decrease of PA over time. This decrease seems to be determined by the degree of airflow limitation. However, patients with a greater annual decline in lung function did not show a greater decrease in PA. The rate of decline in PA did not differ between survivors and non-survivors in this cohort.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Daily physical activity (PA) is reduced in patients with COPD. Previous cross-sectional analyses indicate various predictors for a low level of PA including airway obstruction, exacerbations and co-morbidities. However, information from longitudinal studies evaluating PA in the context of disease progression, survival and co-morbidities is scant.
METHODS: In a heterogeneous cohort of COPD patients, we annually assessed the number of steps per day over 1 week and potential determinants including lung function, exacerbations and co-morbidities. Univariable and multivariable mixed effect models were used to investigate associations between the change in steps per day (dependent variable) and possible predictors and their annual changes.
RESULTS: A total of 177 COPD patients (46% GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) stage 1/2, 38% stage 3 and 16% stage 4) with a mean (min/max) follow-up time of 2.7 (1/5) years were annually assessed. The number of steps per day decreased significantly over time (P < 0.001) with a mean annual change of -508 steps. The decrease in activity was significantly associated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ) % predicted (P = 0.020) but not with annual changes in FEV1 . Hyperinflation, exacerbations, co-morbidities and their annual changes, and survival did not significantly affect change in PA.
CONCLUSION: COPD patients have a substantial decrease of PA over time. This decrease seems to be determined by the degree of airflow limitation. However, patients with a greater annual decline in lung function did not show a greater decrease in PA. The rate of decline in PA did not differ between survivors and non-survivors in this cohort.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:30 March 2017
Deposited On:23 Jun 2017 08:01
Last Modified:15 Jul 2017 01:03
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1323-7799
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.13035
PubMed ID:28370700

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