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Predictive value of PD-L1 based on mRNA level in the treatment of stage IV melanoma with ipilimumab


Brüggemann, C; Kirchberger, M C; Goldinger, S M; Weide, B; Konrad, A; Erdmann, M; Schadendorf, D; Croner, R S; Krähenbühl, L; Kähler, K C; Hafner, C; Leisgang, W; Kiesewetter, F; Dummer, R; Schuler, G; Stürzl, M; Heinzerling, L (2017). Predictive value of PD-L1 based on mRNA level in the treatment of stage IV melanoma with ipilimumab. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 143(10):1977-1984.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: PD-L1 is established as a predictive marker for therapy of non-small cell lung cancer with pembrolizumab. Furthermore, PD-L1 positive melanoma has shown more favorable outcomes when treated with anti-PD1 antibodies and dacarbazine compared to PD-L1 negative melanoma. However, the role of PD-L1 expression with regard to response to checkpoint inhibition with anti-CTLA-4 is not clear, yet. In addition, the lack of standardization in the immunohistochemical assessment of PD-L1 makes the comparison of results difficult. In this study, we investigated the PD-L1 gene expression with a new fully automated technique via RT-PCR and correlated the findings with the response to the anti-CTLA-4 antibody ipilimumab.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within a retrospective multi-center trial, PD-L1 gene expression was evaluated in 78 melanoma patients in a total of 111 pre-treatment tumor samples from 6 skin cancer centers and analyzed with regard to response to ipilimumab. For meaningful statistical analysis, the cohort was enriched for responders with 30 responders and 48 non-responders. Gene expression was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR after extracting mRNA from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tumor tissue and correlated with results from immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The evaluation of PD-L1 expression based on mRNA level is feasible. Correlation between PD-L1 expression as assessed by IHC and RT-PCR showed varying levels of concordance depending on the antibody employed. RT-PCR should be further investigated to measure PD-L1 expression, since it is a semi-quantitative method with observer-independent evaluation. With this approach, there was no statistical significant difference in the PD-L1 expression between responders and non-responders to the therapy with ipilimumab. The evaluation of PD-L1 expression based on mRNA level is feasible. Correlation between PD-L1 expression as assessed by IHC and RT-PCR showed varying levels of concordance depending on the antibody employed. RT-PCR should be further investigated to measure PD-L1 expression, since it is a semi-quantitative method with observer-independent evaluation. With this approach, there was no statistical significant difference in the PD-L1 expression between responders and non-responders to the therapy with ipilimumab.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: PD-L1 is established as a predictive marker for therapy of non-small cell lung cancer with pembrolizumab. Furthermore, PD-L1 positive melanoma has shown more favorable outcomes when treated with anti-PD1 antibodies and dacarbazine compared to PD-L1 negative melanoma. However, the role of PD-L1 expression with regard to response to checkpoint inhibition with anti-CTLA-4 is not clear, yet. In addition, the lack of standardization in the immunohistochemical assessment of PD-L1 makes the comparison of results difficult. In this study, we investigated the PD-L1 gene expression with a new fully automated technique via RT-PCR and correlated the findings with the response to the anti-CTLA-4 antibody ipilimumab.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within a retrospective multi-center trial, PD-L1 gene expression was evaluated in 78 melanoma patients in a total of 111 pre-treatment tumor samples from 6 skin cancer centers and analyzed with regard to response to ipilimumab. For meaningful statistical analysis, the cohort was enriched for responders with 30 responders and 48 non-responders. Gene expression was assessed by quantitative RT-PCR after extracting mRNA from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tumor tissue and correlated with results from immunohistochemical (IHC) stainings.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The evaluation of PD-L1 expression based on mRNA level is feasible. Correlation between PD-L1 expression as assessed by IHC and RT-PCR showed varying levels of concordance depending on the antibody employed. RT-PCR should be further investigated to measure PD-L1 expression, since it is a semi-quantitative method with observer-independent evaluation. With this approach, there was no statistical significant difference in the PD-L1 expression between responders and non-responders to the therapy with ipilimumab. The evaluation of PD-L1 expression based on mRNA level is feasible. Correlation between PD-L1 expression as assessed by IHC and RT-PCR showed varying levels of concordance depending on the antibody employed. RT-PCR should be further investigated to measure PD-L1 expression, since it is a semi-quantitative method with observer-independent evaluation. With this approach, there was no statistical significant difference in the PD-L1 expression between responders and non-responders to the therapy with ipilimumab.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:14 June 2017
Deposited On:23 Jun 2017 10:34
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 19:34
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0171-5216
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00432-017-2450-2
PubMed ID:28616701

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