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Generation and reactions of thiocarbonyl S-(2,2,2-trifluoroethanides). Synthesis of trifluoromethylated 1,3-dithiolanes, thiiranes and alkenes


Kowalski, Marcin K; Obijalska, Emilia; Mloston, Grzegorz; Heimgartner, Heinz (2017). Generation and reactions of thiocarbonyl S-(2,2,2-trifluoroethanides). Synthesis of trifluoromethylated 1,3-dithiolanes, thiiranes and alkenes. Journal of Fluorine Chemistry, 200:102-108.

Abstract

The ‘in situ’ generated 1,1,1-trifluorodiazoethane reacts with thioketones as C=S dipolarophiles in a two-phase system (DCM/H$_2$O) at room temperature to yield trifluoromethylated 2,5-dihydro-1,3,4-thiadiazoles. Whereas stable crystalline products were obtained with cyclobutanethiones, the reaction with aromatic and heteroaromatic thioketones occured with spontaneous elimination of nitrogen. The formation of sterically crowded 4,4,5,5-tetrahetaryl-1,3-dithiolanes indicates that thiocarbonyl S-methanides are formed immediately and entered formal [3+2]-cycloaddition as diradical species with the starting thioketone. A protocol for the preparation of 3,3,3-trifluoropropene derivatives starting from corresponding thioketones and 1,1,1-trifluorodiazoethane is also presented.

Abstract

The ‘in situ’ generated 1,1,1-trifluorodiazoethane reacts with thioketones as C=S dipolarophiles in a two-phase system (DCM/H$_2$O) at room temperature to yield trifluoromethylated 2,5-dihydro-1,3,4-thiadiazoles. Whereas stable crystalline products were obtained with cyclobutanethiones, the reaction with aromatic and heteroaromatic thioketones occured with spontaneous elimination of nitrogen. The formation of sterically crowded 4,4,5,5-tetrahetaryl-1,3-dithiolanes indicates that thiocarbonyl S-methanides are formed immediately and entered formal [3+2]-cycloaddition as diradical species with the starting thioketone. A protocol for the preparation of 3,3,3-trifluoropropene derivatives starting from corresponding thioketones and 1,1,1-trifluorodiazoethane is also presented.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:26 Jun 2017 08:21
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 01:26
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-1139
Funders:National Science Centre (Cracow, Poland) Grant PRELUDIUM–8 (project number 2014/15/N/ ST5/02895)
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluchem.2017.06.009

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