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Dissociation Mechanism of Acetic Acid in Water


Park, Jung Mee; Laio, Alessandro; Iannuzzi, Marcella; Parrinello, Michele (2006). Dissociation Mechanism of Acetic Acid in Water. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(35):11318-11319.

Abstract

The reaction mechanism for acetic acid dissociation in aqueous solution has been investigated by combining the metadynamics method with transition path sampling (TPS). By using collective variables that describe not only the deprotonation of the acid but also the solvation state of the hydronium ion and its distance from the acetate, a reactive trajectory in which stable separated ions were produced was obtained. More transition trajectories were sampled by using the TPS technique, taking the metadynamics trajectory as the initial trajectory. Two different dissociation reaction pathways were determined, one driven by the breaking of an H-bond formed by the water molecule in contact with the hydroxyl and involving the formation of a metastable contact ion pair and the other characterized by a direct transfer of the proton to the solution through an unstable Zundel-ion-like intermediate.

Abstract

The reaction mechanism for acetic acid dissociation in aqueous solution has been investigated by combining the metadynamics method with transition path sampling (TPS). By using collective variables that describe not only the deprotonation of the acid but also the solvation state of the hydronium ion and its distance from the acetate, a reactive trajectory in which stable separated ions were produced was obtained. More transition trajectories were sampled by using the TPS technique, taking the metadynamics trajectory as the initial trajectory. Two different dissociation reaction pathways were determined, one driven by the breaking of an H-bond formed by the water molecule in contact with the hydroxyl and involving the formation of a metastable contact ion pair and the other characterized by a direct transfer of the proton to the solution through an unstable Zundel-ion-like intermediate.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2006
Deposited On:05 Jul 2017 15:27
Last Modified:06 Jul 2017 08:02
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0002-7863
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ja060454h

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