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The use of immunochromatographic rapid test for soft tissue remains identification in order to distinguish between human and non-human origin


Gascho, Dominic; Morf, Nadja V; Thali, Michael J; Schaerli, Sarah (2017). The use of immunochromatographic rapid test for soft tissue remains identification in order to distinguish between human and non-human origin. Science & Justice, 57(3):165-168.

Abstract

Clear identification of soft tissue remains as being of non-human origin may be visually difficult in some cases e.g. due to decomposition. Thus, an additional examination is required. The use of an immunochromatographic rapid tests (IRT) device can be an easy solution with the additional advantage to be used directly at the site of discovery. The use of these test devices for detecting human blood at crime scenes is a common method. However, the IRT is specific not only for blood but also for differentiation between human and non-human soft tissue remains. In the following this method is discussed and validated by means of two forensic cases and several samples of various animals.

Abstract

Clear identification of soft tissue remains as being of non-human origin may be visually difficult in some cases e.g. due to decomposition. Thus, an additional examination is required. The use of an immunochromatographic rapid tests (IRT) device can be an easy solution with the additional advantage to be used directly at the site of discovery. The use of these test devices for detecting human blood at crime scenes is a common method. However, the IRT is specific not only for blood but also for differentiation between human and non-human soft tissue remains. In the following this method is discussed and validated by means of two forensic cases and several samples of various animals.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Legal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:340 Law
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hexagon OPTI test; Human remains; Identification; Immunochromatographic rapid test; Non-human remains; Postmortem
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:03 Aug 2017 14:39
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 01:39
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1355-0306
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scijus.2017.02.006
PubMed ID:28454624

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