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New late Smithian (Early Triassic) ammonoids from the Lusitaniadalen Member, Vikinghogda Formation, Svalbard


Piazza, Veronica; Hammer, Øyvind; Jattiot, Romain (2017). New late Smithian (Early Triassic) ammonoids from the Lusitaniadalen Member, Vikinghogda Formation, Svalbard. Norwegian Journal of Geology, 97(2):105-117.

Abstract

A single carbonate concretion from the uppermost Lusitaniadalen Member (‘Fish Niveau’, Vikinghøgda Formation) at Stensiöfjellet, Spitsbergen, contains a fairly rich assemblage of late Smithian (Early Triassic, Olenekian) ammonoids. The main species identified are Wasatchites tridentinus Spath, 1934, Wasatchites cf. distractus (Waagen, 1895), Anasibirites kingianus (Waagen, 1895), Arctoprionites nodosus (Frebold, 1930), Arctoprionites resseri (Mathews, 1929) and Xenoceltites subevolutus Spath, 1930. Two taxa are here discussed: Prionitid sp. and Arctoceras erebori sp. nov. The assemblage provides new information about the Early Triassic biostratigraphy and palaeogeography of the Boreal Realm. The composition of the Spitsbergen fauna is in good agreement with other assemblages within and outside the Boreal Realm and essentially comprises cosmopolitan taxa. Only Arctoceras erebori sp. nov. and Prionitid sp. are as yet restricted to Spitsbergen. The newly reported occurrence of low paleolatitude taxa from Spitsbergen strengthens the cosmopolitan distribution of ammonoids during late Smithian time, thus improving existing correlation.

Abstract

A single carbonate concretion from the uppermost Lusitaniadalen Member (‘Fish Niveau’, Vikinghøgda Formation) at Stensiöfjellet, Spitsbergen, contains a fairly rich assemblage of late Smithian (Early Triassic, Olenekian) ammonoids. The main species identified are Wasatchites tridentinus Spath, 1934, Wasatchites cf. distractus (Waagen, 1895), Anasibirites kingianus (Waagen, 1895), Arctoprionites nodosus (Frebold, 1930), Arctoprionites resseri (Mathews, 1929) and Xenoceltites subevolutus Spath, 1930. Two taxa are here discussed: Prionitid sp. and Arctoceras erebori sp. nov. The assemblage provides new information about the Early Triassic biostratigraphy and palaeogeography of the Boreal Realm. The composition of the Spitsbergen fauna is in good agreement with other assemblages within and outside the Boreal Realm and essentially comprises cosmopolitan taxa. Only Arctoceras erebori sp. nov. and Prionitid sp. are as yet restricted to Spitsbergen. The newly reported occurrence of low paleolatitude taxa from Spitsbergen strengthens the cosmopolitan distribution of ammonoids during late Smithian time, thus improving existing correlation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Paleontological Institute and Museum
Dewey Decimal Classification:560 Fossils & prehistoric life
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ammonoid biostratigraphy, Tardus Zone, Smithian, Prionitidae, Svalbard, Boreal Realm
Language:English
Date:21 June 2017
Deposited On:06 Sep 2017 12:01
Last Modified:06 Sep 2017 13:44
Publisher:Geological Society of Norway
ISSN:2387-5852
Free access at:Related URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17850/njg97-2-03
Related URLs:http://njg.geologi.no/

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