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Retrospective clinical study on outcome in cats with nasal planum squamous cell carcinoma treated with an accelerated radiation protocol


Gasymova, Evgeniya; Meier, Valeria Sabina; Guscetti, Franco; Cancedda, Simona; Roos, Malgorzata; Rohrer Bley, Carla (2017). Retrospective clinical study on outcome in cats with nasal planum squamous cell carcinoma treated with an accelerated radiation protocol. BMC Veterinary Research, 13(1):86.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum in cats is a common indication for antitumor treatment such as external beam radiation therapy. Curative-intent radiation therapy has been described as a valuable treatment option, resulting in long and stable tumor control in these patients. The aim of the current study was to evaluate outcome and toxicity, as well as possible prognostic factors using an accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy protocol. Cats with squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum treated with an accelerated radiation protocol (10 × 4.8 Gy, over one week) were retrospectively evaluated. Tumor- and treatment-associated variables were evaluated in respect to local control and survival.
RESULTS: Forty-four cats met the inclusion criteria for this study. All cats showed complete response to therapy. Median disease-free interval (DFI) for all cases was 916 days (95% CI: 456-1377). One- and two-year DFIs were 71% (95% CI: 56-86%) and 60% (95% CI: 43-77%). Of the tested variables, only tumor volume showed a tendency to influence DFI, with larger tumors having a 5.4 times greater risk of recurrence than the smaller ones (HR 1.33 (95% CI: 0.99-1.79), p = 0.054). Median overall survival (OS) was 902 days (95% CI: 862-942). One- and 2-year OSs were 79.3% (95% CI: 67.3-91.3) and 58.4% (95% CI: 42.8-74). Of the tested variables, again, only tumor volume influenced OS with larger tumors having a 6.3 times greater risk of dying than the smaller ones (HR 1.36 (95% CI: 1.07-1.73), p = 0.010). The acute and late toxicity profile was low and hence clinically acceptable.
CONCLUSIONS: Curative-intent radiation therapy with an accelerated fractionation schedule can be considered a safe, cosmetically superior treatment option for cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas of the nasal planum in cats, resulting in long and stable tumor control.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum in cats is a common indication for antitumor treatment such as external beam radiation therapy. Curative-intent radiation therapy has been described as a valuable treatment option, resulting in long and stable tumor control in these patients. The aim of the current study was to evaluate outcome and toxicity, as well as possible prognostic factors using an accelerated hypofractionated radiation therapy protocol. Cats with squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum treated with an accelerated radiation protocol (10 × 4.8 Gy, over one week) were retrospectively evaluated. Tumor- and treatment-associated variables were evaluated in respect to local control and survival.
RESULTS: Forty-four cats met the inclusion criteria for this study. All cats showed complete response to therapy. Median disease-free interval (DFI) for all cases was 916 days (95% CI: 456-1377). One- and two-year DFIs were 71% (95% CI: 56-86%) and 60% (95% CI: 43-77%). Of the tested variables, only tumor volume showed a tendency to influence DFI, with larger tumors having a 5.4 times greater risk of recurrence than the smaller ones (HR 1.33 (95% CI: 0.99-1.79), p = 0.054). Median overall survival (OS) was 902 days (95% CI: 862-942). One- and 2-year OSs were 79.3% (95% CI: 67.3-91.3) and 58.4% (95% CI: 42.8-74). Of the tested variables, again, only tumor volume influenced OS with larger tumors having a 6.3 times greater risk of dying than the smaller ones (HR 1.36 (95% CI: 1.07-1.73), p = 0.010). The acute and late toxicity profile was low and hence clinically acceptable.
CONCLUSIONS: Curative-intent radiation therapy with an accelerated fractionation schedule can be considered a safe, cosmetically superior treatment option for cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas of the nasal planum in cats, resulting in long and stable tumor control.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pathology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Accelerated protocol; Cat; Nasal planum; Radiation therapy; Squamous cell carcinoma
Language:English
Date:4 April 2017
Deposited On:21 Sep 2017 13:41
Last Modified:21 Sep 2017 13:41
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1746-6148
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-017-1018-3
PubMed ID:28376918

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