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Structures of designed armadillo repeat proteins binding to peptides fused to globular domains


Hansen, Simon; Kiefer, Jonathan D; Madhurantakam, Chaithanya; Mittl, Peer R E; Plückthun, Andreas (2017). Structures of designed armadillo repeat proteins binding to peptides fused to globular domains. Protein Science, 26(10):1942-1952.

Abstract

Designed armadillo repeat proteins (dArmRP) are α-helical solenoid repeat proteins with an extended peptide binding groove that were engineered to develop a generic modular technology for peptide recognition. In this context, the term "peptide" not only denotes a short unstructured chain of amino acids, but also an unstructured region of a protein, as they occur in termini, loops, or linkers between folded domains. Here we report two crystal structures of dArmRPs, in complex with peptides fused either to the N-terminus of Green Fluorescent Protein or to the C-terminus of a phage lambda protein D. These structures demonstrate that dArmRPs bind unfolded peptides in the intended conformation also when they constitute unstructured parts of folded proteins, which greatly expands possible applications of the dArmRP technology. Nonetheless, the structures do not fully reflect the binding behavior in solution, that is, some binding sites remain unoccupied in the crystal and even unexpected peptide residues appear to be bound. We show how these differences can be explained by restrictions of the crystal lattice or the composition of the crystallization solution. This illustrates that crystal structures have to be interpreted with caution when protein-peptide interactions are characterized, and should always be correlated with measurements in solution.

Abstract

Designed armadillo repeat proteins (dArmRP) are α-helical solenoid repeat proteins with an extended peptide binding groove that were engineered to develop a generic modular technology for peptide recognition. In this context, the term "peptide" not only denotes a short unstructured chain of amino acids, but also an unstructured region of a protein, as they occur in termini, loops, or linkers between folded domains. Here we report two crystal structures of dArmRPs, in complex with peptides fused either to the N-terminus of Green Fluorescent Protein or to the C-terminus of a phage lambda protein D. These structures demonstrate that dArmRPs bind unfolded peptides in the intended conformation also when they constitute unstructured parts of folded proteins, which greatly expands possible applications of the dArmRP technology. Nonetheless, the structures do not fully reflect the binding behavior in solution, that is, some binding sites remain unoccupied in the crystal and even unexpected peptide residues appear to be bound. We show how these differences can be explained by restrictions of the crystal lattice or the composition of the crystallization solution. This illustrates that crystal structures have to be interpreted with caution when protein-peptide interactions are characterized, and should always be correlated with measurements in solution.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:armadillo repeat; protein crystallization; protein engineering; protein-peptide interactions; repeat proteins; solenoid proteins
Language:English
Date:October 2017
Deposited On:26 Sep 2017 14:32
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 02:24
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0961-8368
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.3229
PubMed ID:28691351

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