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Extensive intramuscular manifestation of sarcoidosis with initially missed diagnosis and delayed therapy: a case report


Meyer, Niklaus; Sutter, Reto; Schirp, Udo; Gutzeit, Andreas (2017). Extensive intramuscular manifestation of sarcoidosis with initially missed diagnosis and delayed therapy: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 11(1):246.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disorder, which in nearly all cases involves the lungs and other organs. Isolated forms of sarcoidosis within the muscles, but without lung involvement, are extremely rare and can lead to delayed or even false diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION A 52-year-old white, Swiss man presented with painful arm cramps and a history of symptoms over the previous 3 years. In the initial clinical investigation, our patient also showed edema in both legs without any other complaints. After performing an magnetic resonance imaging scan of his extremities and a positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan, diffuse myositis was described. The subsequent muscle biopsy provided the surprising diagnosis of muscle sarcoidosis, without involvement of the lungs or any other organ. After starting therapy with glucocorticoids, his symptoms improved immediately. CONCLUSIONS Sarcoidosis is a common disorder, which in most cases affects the lungs. In this case report an isolated sarcoidosis is described without lung involvement, but with involvement of the muscles of the extremities and the trunk. Reported cases of sarcoidosis only involving skeletal muscle and without lung involvement are extremely rare. Radiologists should consider this presentation of sarcoidosis to avoid delayed diagnosis and therapy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disorder, which in nearly all cases involves the lungs and other organs. Isolated forms of sarcoidosis within the muscles, but without lung involvement, are extremely rare and can lead to delayed or even false diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION A 52-year-old white, Swiss man presented with painful arm cramps and a history of symptoms over the previous 3 years. In the initial clinical investigation, our patient also showed edema in both legs without any other complaints. After performing an magnetic resonance imaging scan of his extremities and a positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan, diffuse myositis was described. The subsequent muscle biopsy provided the surprising diagnosis of muscle sarcoidosis, without involvement of the lungs or any other organ. After starting therapy with glucocorticoids, his symptoms improved immediately. CONCLUSIONS Sarcoidosis is a common disorder, which in most cases affects the lungs. In this case report an isolated sarcoidosis is described without lung involvement, but with involvement of the muscles of the extremities and the trunk. Reported cases of sarcoidosis only involving skeletal muscle and without lung involvement are extremely rare. Radiologists should consider this presentation of sarcoidosis to avoid delayed diagnosis and therapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:24 August 2017
Deposited On:29 Sep 2017 12:44
Last Modified:29 Sep 2017 12:45
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1752-1947
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-017-1403-3
PubMed ID:28835264

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