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nIFTy galaxy cluster simulations – V. Investigation of the cluster infall region


Abstract

We examine the properties of the galaxies and dark matter haloes residing in the cluster infall region surrounding the simulated Λ cold dark matter galaxy cluster studied by Elahi et al. at z = 0. The 1.1 × 1015 h−1 M⊙ galaxy cluster has been simulated with eight different hydrodynamical codes containing a variety of hydrodynamic solvers and sub-grid schemes. All models completed a dark-matter-only, non-radiative and full-physics run from the same initial conditions. The simulations contain dark matter and gas with mass resolution mDM = 9.01 × 108 h−1 M⊙ and mgas = 1.9 × 108 h−1 M⊙, respectively. We find that the synthetic cluster is surrounded by clear filamentary structures that contain ∼60 per cent of haloes in the infall region with mass ∼1012.5–1014 h−1 M⊙, including 2–3 group-sized haloes (>1013 h−1 M⊙). However, we find that only ∼10 per cent of objects in the infall region are sub-haloes residing in haloes, which may suggest that there is not much ongoing pre-processing occurring in the infall region at z = 0. By examining the baryonic content contained within the haloes, we also show that the code-to-code scatter in stellar fraction across all halo masses is typically ∼2 orders of magnitude between the two most extreme cases, and this is predominantly due to the differences in sub-grid schemes and calibration procedures that each model uses. Models that do not include active galactic nucleus feedback typically produce too high stellar fractions compared to observations by at least ∼1 order of magnitude.

Abstract

We examine the properties of the galaxies and dark matter haloes residing in the cluster infall region surrounding the simulated Λ cold dark matter galaxy cluster studied by Elahi et al. at z = 0. The 1.1 × 1015 h−1 M⊙ galaxy cluster has been simulated with eight different hydrodynamical codes containing a variety of hydrodynamic solvers and sub-grid schemes. All models completed a dark-matter-only, non-radiative and full-physics run from the same initial conditions. The simulations contain dark matter and gas with mass resolution mDM = 9.01 × 108 h−1 M⊙ and mgas = 1.9 × 108 h−1 M⊙, respectively. We find that the synthetic cluster is surrounded by clear filamentary structures that contain ∼60 per cent of haloes in the infall region with mass ∼1012.5–1014 h−1 M⊙, including 2–3 group-sized haloes (>1013 h−1 M⊙). However, we find that only ∼10 per cent of objects in the infall region are sub-haloes residing in haloes, which may suggest that there is not much ongoing pre-processing occurring in the infall region at z = 0. By examining the baryonic content contained within the haloes, we also show that the code-to-code scatter in stellar fraction across all halo masses is typically ∼2 orders of magnitude between the two most extreme cases, and this is predominantly due to the differences in sub-grid schemes and calibration procedures that each model uses. Models that do not include active galactic nucleus feedback typically produce too high stellar fractions compared to observations by at least ∼1 order of magnitude.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:January 2017
Deposited On:09 Jan 2018 20:47
Last Modified:09 Jan 2018 20:59
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0035-8711
Additional Information:This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2424

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