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Impact of long-term intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor on preexisting microstructural alterations in diabetic macular edema


Wirth, Magdalena A; Wons, Juliana; Freiberg, Florentina J; Becker, Matthias D; Michels, Stephan (2017). Impact of long-term intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor on preexisting microstructural alterations in diabetic macular edema. Retina:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Evaluation of the influence of long-term intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment on preexisting retinal microstructural alterations in patients with diabetic macular edema.
METHODS: Eyes with diabetic macular edema and a history of ≥ 20 intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (aflibercept and/or ranibizumab) injections were included in this retrospective study. Primary outcome was the extent of disorganization of retinal inner layers, alterations at the outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction, disruption of external limiting membrane/ellipsoid zone, disruption of retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex, and retinal atrophy at baseline versus after ≥ 20 intravitreal injections as visualized by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images.
RESULTS: Of 383 eyes screened, 37 eyes were included in the current study. With the exception of outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction restoration, no significant changes regarding microstructural alterations between baseline and end of study were encountered after long-term anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (disorganization of retinal inner layers P = 0.381, outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction P = 0.001, external limiting membrane/ellipsoid zone P = 0.524, retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex P = 0.122, retinal atrophy P = 0.317). Best-corrected visual acuity significantly increased over the course of the study, corresponding to central retinal thickness and intraretinal fluid reduction (all P < 0.0001). The extent of microstructural alterations was negatively correlated with best-corrected visual acuity (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Apart from outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction layer restoration, no effect on preexisting retinal alterations was encountered after long-term intravitreal injections. Thus, intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept did not have a major effect (neither positive nor negative) on microstructural alterations.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Evaluation of the influence of long-term intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment on preexisting retinal microstructural alterations in patients with diabetic macular edema.
METHODS: Eyes with diabetic macular edema and a history of ≥ 20 intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (aflibercept and/or ranibizumab) injections were included in this retrospective study. Primary outcome was the extent of disorganization of retinal inner layers, alterations at the outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction, disruption of external limiting membrane/ellipsoid zone, disruption of retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex, and retinal atrophy at baseline versus after ≥ 20 intravitreal injections as visualized by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images.
RESULTS: Of 383 eyes screened, 37 eyes were included in the current study. With the exception of outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction restoration, no significant changes regarding microstructural alterations between baseline and end of study were encountered after long-term anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (disorganization of retinal inner layers P = 0.381, outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction P = 0.001, external limiting membrane/ellipsoid zone P = 0.524, retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch complex P = 0.122, retinal atrophy P = 0.317). Best-corrected visual acuity significantly increased over the course of the study, corresponding to central retinal thickness and intraretinal fluid reduction (all P < 0.0001). The extent of microstructural alterations was negatively correlated with best-corrected visual acuity (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: Apart from outer plexiform layer/Henle fiber layer junction layer restoration, no effect on preexisting retinal alterations was encountered after long-term intravitreal injections. Thus, intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept did not have a major effect (neither positive nor negative) on microstructural alterations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 August 2017
Deposited On:18 Oct 2017 16:07
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 08:55
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0275-004X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000001788
PubMed ID:28767550

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