Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Humanised mouse models for haematopoiesis and infectious diseases


Lysenko, Veronika; McHugh, Donal; Behrmann, Lena; Rochat, Mary-Aude; Wilk, Christian M; Kovtonyuk, Larisa V; Bourquin, Jean-Pierre; Münz, Christian; Manz, Markus G; Speck, Roberto F; Theocharides, Alexandre P (2017). Humanised mouse models for haematopoiesis and infectious diseases. Swiss Medical Weekly, 147:w14516.

Abstract

“Humanised” mouse models have emerged over past years as powerful tools for investigating human haematopoiesis and immunity. They allowed the identification of key factors for the maintenance and function of normal and leukaemic human haematopoietic stem cells. These findings have been widely used to dissect the pathogenesis of multiple myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms, such as acute myeloid leukaemia and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Furthermore, these models can serve as a stepping-stone to clinical trials by testing novel drugs that target leukaemic stem cells. The investigation of human immunity in vivo is also of great interest in both the context of understanding the innate and adaptive immune system and responses to viral infections with exclusive human tropism, such as Epstein-Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus. This review focuses on recent advances in the study of human haematopoiesis and immunity in humanised mouse models, underlining their relevance and limitations.
Key words: humanised mouse models, xenograft, leukaemia, HIV, EBV, PDX

Abstract

“Humanised” mouse models have emerged over past years as powerful tools for investigating human haematopoiesis and immunity. They allowed the identification of key factors for the maintenance and function of normal and leukaemic human haematopoietic stem cells. These findings have been widely used to dissect the pathogenesis of multiple myeloid and lymphoid neoplasms, such as acute myeloid leukaemia and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Furthermore, these models can serve as a stepping-stone to clinical trials by testing novel drugs that target leukaemic stem cells. The investigation of human immunity in vivo is also of great interest in both the context of understanding the innate and adaptive immune system and responses to viral infections with exclusive human tropism, such as Epstein-Barr virus and human immunodeficiency virus. This review focuses on recent advances in the study of human haematopoiesis and immunity in humanised mouse models, underlining their relevance and limitations.
Key words: humanised mouse models, xenograft, leukaemia, HIV, EBV, PDX

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 06 Nov 2017
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:22 October 2017
Deposited On:06 Nov 2017 12:58
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 03:16
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0036-7672
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2017.14516

Download

Download PDF  'Humanised mouse models for haematopoiesis and infectious diseases'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 3MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)