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A comprehensive definition for integrative oncology


Witt, Claudia M; Balneaves, Lynda G; Cardoso, Maria J; Cohen, Lorenzo; Greenlee, Heather; Johnstone, Peter; Kücük, Ömer; Mailman, Josh; Mao, Jun J (2017). A comprehensive definition for integrative oncology. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs, 2017(52):3-8.

Abstract

Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary
medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no
widely accepted definition.We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of
integrative oncology.
Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary
expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term “integrative
oncology.”
Results: The themes identified in the literature and from the expert discussion were condensed into a two-sentence definition.
Survey respondents had very positive views on the draft definition, and their comments helped to shape the final version.
The final definition for integrative oncology is: “Integrative oncology is a patient-centered, evidence-informed field
of cancer care that utilizes mind and body practices, natural products, and/or lifestyle modifications from different traditions
alongside conventional cancer treatments. Integrative oncology aims to optimize health, quality of life, and clinical outcomes
across the cancer care continuumand to empower people to prevent cancer and become active participants before, during,
and beyond cancer treatment.”
Conclusions: This short and comprehensive definition for the term integrative oncology will facilitate a better understanding
and communication of this emerging field. This definition will also drive focused and cohesive effort to advance the field of
integrative oncology.

Abstract

Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary
medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no
widely accepted definition.We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of
integrative oncology.
Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary
expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term “integrative
oncology.”
Results: The themes identified in the literature and from the expert discussion were condensed into a two-sentence definition.
Survey respondents had very positive views on the draft definition, and their comments helped to shape the final version.
The final definition for integrative oncology is: “Integrative oncology is a patient-centered, evidence-informed field
of cancer care that utilizes mind and body practices, natural products, and/or lifestyle modifications from different traditions
alongside conventional cancer treatments. Integrative oncology aims to optimize health, quality of life, and clinical outcomes
across the cancer care continuumand to empower people to prevent cancer and become active participants before, during,
and beyond cancer treatment.”
Conclusions: This short and comprehensive definition for the term integrative oncology will facilitate a better understanding
and communication of this emerging field. This definition will also drive focused and cohesive effort to advance the field of
integrative oncology.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Complementary Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 November 2017
Deposited On:20 Nov 2017 15:27
Last Modified:09 Dec 2017 03:36
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1052-6773
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jncimonographs/lgx012
PubMed ID:29140493

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