What is the added value of a security which qualifies as a “high-quality liquid asset” (HQLA) under the Basel III “Liquidity Coverage Ratio” (LCR)? In this paper, we quantify the added value in terms of yield changes and, as suggested by Stein (2013), call it “HQLA premium”. To do so, we exploit the introduction of the LCR in Switzerland as a unique quasi-natural experiment and we find evidence for the existence of an HQLA premium in the order of 4 basis points. Guided by theoretical considerations, we claim that the HQLA premium is state dependent and argue that our estimate is a lower bound measure. Furthermore, we discuss the implications of an economically significant HQLA premium. Thereby, we contribute to a better understanding of the LCR and its implications for financial markets.