Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A daily diary study of joint quit attempts by dual-smoker couples: The role of received and provided social support


Lüscher, Janina; Stadler, Gertraud; Scholz, Urte (2018). A daily diary study of joint quit attempts by dual-smoker couples: The role of received and provided social support. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 20(1):100-107.

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking individuals often have a romantic partner who also smokes. Social support from a partner is assumed to be beneficial for successful smoking cessation. To date, no study has examined daily support and smoking in dual-smoker couples jointly attempting to quit. The aim was to test the hypothesis that smokers cut down more on days with higher received and provided emotional and instrumental support. Men are expected to benefit more from support provision of their female partners than vice versa.

Methods: In this dyadic diary study, 83 dual-smoker couples reported in daily mobile phone diaries number of cigarettes smoked, how much emotional and instrumental support they received from the other partner, and how much they provided to their partners for 22 consecutive days from a joint quit date on applying the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model.

Results: Evidence was found for a support-smoking link for emotional and instrumental support. On days when women and men reported more received and provided support than usual, they smoked fewer cigarettes (actor effects for both). For men only, partner support was related to smoking: On days when women reported providing more support than usual, men smoked fewer cigarettes (partner effect for men).

Conclusions: Social support plays a key role for ones' own daily smoking in dual-smoker couples. Support provided by women but not by men was related to less smoking in partners. Findings emphasize the need for dyadic and daily assessments in longitudinal studies and trials to understand the dynamics of support in smoking cessation.

Implications: This study is the first to provide insights into the association between daily smoking and social support after a joint self-set quit attempt of dual-smoker couples using a dyadic intensive longitudinal approach. Received and provided emotional and instrumental support play a key role for ones' own daily smoking in dual-smoker couples after a joint self-set quit date. Furthermore, support provided by women was related to less smoking in partners. Because smokers with a romantic partner who also smokes have lower quit success, it is remarkable that this study replicates findings from a prior study with smoker-nonsmoker couples showing the central role of social support after a quit attempt.

Abstract

Introduction: Smoking individuals often have a romantic partner who also smokes. Social support from a partner is assumed to be beneficial for successful smoking cessation. To date, no study has examined daily support and smoking in dual-smoker couples jointly attempting to quit. The aim was to test the hypothesis that smokers cut down more on days with higher received and provided emotional and instrumental support. Men are expected to benefit more from support provision of their female partners than vice versa.

Methods: In this dyadic diary study, 83 dual-smoker couples reported in daily mobile phone diaries number of cigarettes smoked, how much emotional and instrumental support they received from the other partner, and how much they provided to their partners for 22 consecutive days from a joint quit date on applying the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model.

Results: Evidence was found for a support-smoking link for emotional and instrumental support. On days when women and men reported more received and provided support than usual, they smoked fewer cigarettes (actor effects for both). For men only, partner support was related to smoking: On days when women reported providing more support than usual, men smoked fewer cigarettes (partner effect for men).

Conclusions: Social support plays a key role for ones' own daily smoking in dual-smoker couples. Support provided by women but not by men was related to less smoking in partners. Findings emphasize the need for dyadic and daily assessments in longitudinal studies and trials to understand the dynamics of support in smoking cessation.

Implications: This study is the first to provide insights into the association between daily smoking and social support after a joint self-set quit attempt of dual-smoker couples using a dyadic intensive longitudinal approach. Received and provided emotional and instrumental support play a key role for ones' own daily smoking in dual-smoker couples after a joint self-set quit date. Furthermore, support provided by women was related to less smoking in partners. Because smokers with a romantic partner who also smokes have lower quit success, it is remarkable that this study replicates findings from a prior study with smoker-nonsmoker couples showing the central role of social support after a quit attempt.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:23 Nov 2017 13:18
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 08:56
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1462-2203
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx079
PubMed ID:28387852

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher