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Leukotriene B4 indicates lung injury and on-going inflammatory changes after severe trauma in a porcine long-term model


Störmann, Philip; Auner, Birgit; Schimunek, Lukas; Serve, Rafael; Horst, Klemens; Simon, Tim-Philipp; Pfeifer, Roman; Köhler, Kernt; Hildebrand, Frank; Wutzler, Sebastian; Pape, Hans-Christoph; Marzi, Ingo; Relja, Borna; TREAT Research Group (2017). Leukotriene B4 indicates lung injury and on-going inflammatory changes after severe trauma in a porcine long-term model. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, 127:25-31.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recognizing patients at risk for pulmonary complications (PC) is of high clinical relevance. Migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) to inflammatory sites plays an important role in PC, and is tightly regulated by specific chemokines including interleukin (IL)-8 and other mediators such as leukotriene (LT)B4. Previously, we have reported that LTB4 indicated early patients at risk for PC after trauma. Here, the relevance of LTB4 to indicating lung integrity in a newly established long-term porcine severe trauma model (polytrauma, PT) was explored.
METHODS: Twelve pigs (3 months old, 30 ± 5kg) underwent PT including standardized femur fracture, lung contusion, liver laceration, hemorrhagic shock, subsequent resuscitation and surgical fracture fixation. Six animals served as controls (sham). After 72h lung damage and inflammatory changes were assessed. LTB4 was determined in plasma before the experiment, immediately after trauma, and after 2, 4, 24 or 72h. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)-fluid was collected prior and after the experiment.
RESULTS: Lung injury, local gene expression of IL-8, IL-1β, IL-10, IL-18 and PMN-infiltration into lungs increased significantly in PT compared with sham. Systemic LTB4 increased markedly in both groups 4h after trauma. Compared with declined plasma LTB4 levels in sham, LTB4 increased further in PT after 72h. Similar increase was observed in BAL-fluid after PT.
CONCLUSIONS: In a severe trauma model, sustained changes in terms of lung injury and inflammation are determined at day 3 post-trauma. Specifically, increased LTB4 in this porcine long-term model indicated a rapid inflammatory alteration both locally and systemically. The results support the concept of LTB4 as a biomarker for PC after severe trauma and lung contusion.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recognizing patients at risk for pulmonary complications (PC) is of high clinical relevance. Migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) to inflammatory sites plays an important role in PC, and is tightly regulated by specific chemokines including interleukin (IL)-8 and other mediators such as leukotriene (LT)B4. Previously, we have reported that LTB4 indicated early patients at risk for PC after trauma. Here, the relevance of LTB4 to indicating lung integrity in a newly established long-term porcine severe trauma model (polytrauma, PT) was explored.
METHODS: Twelve pigs (3 months old, 30 ± 5kg) underwent PT including standardized femur fracture, lung contusion, liver laceration, hemorrhagic shock, subsequent resuscitation and surgical fracture fixation. Six animals served as controls (sham). After 72h lung damage and inflammatory changes were assessed. LTB4 was determined in plasma before the experiment, immediately after trauma, and after 2, 4, 24 or 72h. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)-fluid was collected prior and after the experiment.
RESULTS: Lung injury, local gene expression of IL-8, IL-1β, IL-10, IL-18 and PMN-infiltration into lungs increased significantly in PT compared with sham. Systemic LTB4 increased markedly in both groups 4h after trauma. Compared with declined plasma LTB4 levels in sham, LTB4 increased further in PT after 72h. Similar increase was observed in BAL-fluid after PT.
CONCLUSIONS: In a severe trauma model, sustained changes in terms of lung injury and inflammation are determined at day 3 post-trauma. Specifically, increased LTB4 in this porcine long-term model indicated a rapid inflammatory alteration both locally and systemically. The results support the concept of LTB4 as a biomarker for PC after severe trauma and lung contusion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Department of Trauma Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biomarker; Inflammation; LTB4; Leukotriene; Lung failure; Trauma
Language:English
Date:December 2017
Deposited On:29 Nov 2017 15:36
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:26
Publisher:Churchill Livingstone
ISSN:0952-3278
Additional Information:This study was performed within the study consortium of the TREAT Research Group
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2017.09.014
PubMed ID:29156155

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