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CD147 expression in peritoneal injury


Seeger, Harald; Latus, Joerg; Kitterer, Daniel; Alscher, M Dominik; Biegger, Dagmar; Chen, Jin; Edenhofer, Ilka; Wüthrich, Rudolf P; Segerer, Stephan (2017). CD147 expression in peritoneal injury. Clinical and Experimental Nephrology, 21(6):1097-1104.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal injury is an important cause of technical failure of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a severe complication of long-term PD with potentially life threatening consequences. CD147 is a glycoprotein with diverse functions including modulation of extracellular matrix via induction of matrix metalloproteinases, cell adhesion, and regulation of immune reactions. We hypothesized that CD 147 plays a role in the peritoneal cavity.
METHODS: In this retrospective study, we localized CD147 by immunohistochemistry in peritoneal biopsies from uremic patients not on PD (n = 8), on PD without signs of EPS (n = 7), and in biopsies in patients with the diagnosis of EPS (n = 7). Double immunofluorescence was used to co-localize α-smooth-muscle actin (α-SMA) and CD147 in selected biopsies from each group. Expression was scored semi-quantitatively.
RESULTS: In biopsies from uremic controls, CD147 was prominently expressed in mesothelial cells, focally between fat cells and by some perivascular cells. In patients on PD, a similar distribution was present (although mesothelium was rarely conserved), with some focal accentuation. In EPS, layers of fibroblastic cells were positive for CD147. EPS biopsies demonstrated a significantly higher score in a blinded evaluation, compared to uremic patients. Cells expressing CD147 were α-SMA positive myofibroblasts as demonstrated by double immunofluorescence. Mean CD147 scores did not differ between patients with different transporter status.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study demonstrating CD147 on a major part of fibroblastic cells in EPS. Future studies need to address the role of these cells in this severe complication of long-term PD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal injury is an important cause of technical failure of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a severe complication of long-term PD with potentially life threatening consequences. CD147 is a glycoprotein with diverse functions including modulation of extracellular matrix via induction of matrix metalloproteinases, cell adhesion, and regulation of immune reactions. We hypothesized that CD 147 plays a role in the peritoneal cavity.
METHODS: In this retrospective study, we localized CD147 by immunohistochemistry in peritoneal biopsies from uremic patients not on PD (n = 8), on PD without signs of EPS (n = 7), and in biopsies in patients with the diagnosis of EPS (n = 7). Double immunofluorescence was used to co-localize α-smooth-muscle actin (α-SMA) and CD147 in selected biopsies from each group. Expression was scored semi-quantitatively.
RESULTS: In biopsies from uremic controls, CD147 was prominently expressed in mesothelial cells, focally between fat cells and by some perivascular cells. In patients on PD, a similar distribution was present (although mesothelium was rarely conserved), with some focal accentuation. In EPS, layers of fibroblastic cells were positive for CD147. EPS biopsies demonstrated a significantly higher score in a blinded evaluation, compared to uremic patients. Cells expressing CD147 were α-SMA positive myofibroblasts as demonstrated by double immunofluorescence. Mean CD147 scores did not differ between patients with different transporter status.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study demonstrating CD147 on a major part of fibroblastic cells in EPS. Future studies need to address the role of these cells in this severe complication of long-term PD.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:CD147; EPS; Emmprin; Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis; Peritoneal dialysis
Date:2017
Deposited On:06 Dec 2017 15:03
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 15:03
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1342-1751
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10157-017-1390-0
PubMed ID:28551820

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