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Identification and implication of an allergenic PR-10 protein from walnut in birch pollen associated walnut allergy


Wangorsch, Andrea; Jamin, Annette; Lidholm, Jonas; Gräni, Nora; Lange, Claudia; Ballmer-Weber, Barbara; Vieths, Stefan; Scheurer, Stephan (2017). Identification and implication of an allergenic PR-10 protein from walnut in birch pollen associated walnut allergy. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 61(4):1600902.

Abstract

SCOPE: English walnut (Juglans regia) belongs to the most important allergenic tree nuts. Co-sensitization with birch (Betula verrucosa) pollen has been reported. We aimed to identify a walnut allergen homologous to the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A cDNA encoding a Bet v 1-homologous allergen (Jug r 5) in walnut kernels was cloned by RT-PCR. Jug r 5 was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified by column chromatography and characterized by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Specific IgE levels to walnut, Bet v 1, and Jug r 5 in birch pollen allergics (n = 16) with concomitant walnut allergy were measured by ImmunoCAP: 44% of the patients were tested positive to walnut while 94% were reactive to Jug r 5, and 100% to Bet v 1. Jug r 5 and Bet v 1 allergens showed bidirectional IgE cross-reactivity by competitive ELISA and were capable of inducing histamine release from effector cells. Immunoblot competition experiments demonstrated the presence of IgE-reactive Jug r 5 in walnut extract, but at low levels.
CONCLUSION: A Bet v 1-like allergen was identified in walnut. Diagnostic use of Jug r 5 will compensate for the low sensitivity of walnut extract for patients with birch pollen associated walnut allergy.

Abstract

SCOPE: English walnut (Juglans regia) belongs to the most important allergenic tree nuts. Co-sensitization with birch (Betula verrucosa) pollen has been reported. We aimed to identify a walnut allergen homologous to the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A cDNA encoding a Bet v 1-homologous allergen (Jug r 5) in walnut kernels was cloned by RT-PCR. Jug r 5 was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified by column chromatography and characterized by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Specific IgE levels to walnut, Bet v 1, and Jug r 5 in birch pollen allergics (n = 16) with concomitant walnut allergy were measured by ImmunoCAP: 44% of the patients were tested positive to walnut while 94% were reactive to Jug r 5, and 100% to Bet v 1. Jug r 5 and Bet v 1 allergens showed bidirectional IgE cross-reactivity by competitive ELISA and were capable of inducing histamine release from effector cells. Immunoblot competition experiments demonstrated the presence of IgE-reactive Jug r 5 in walnut extract, but at low levels.
CONCLUSION: A Bet v 1-like allergen was identified in walnut. Diagnostic use of Jug r 5 will compensate for the low sensitivity of walnut extract for patients with birch pollen associated walnut allergy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bet v 1 like; Juglans regia; Jug r 5; PR-10; Walnut allergy
Language:English
Date:2017
Deposited On:14 Dec 2017 16:45
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:35
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:1613-4125
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201600902
PubMed ID:28070926

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