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Differential localization of vacuolar H+-ATPases containing a1, a2, a3, or a4 (ATP6V0A1-4) subunit isoforms along the nephron


Schulz, N; Dave, M H; Stehberger, P A; Chau, T; Wagner, Carsten A (2007). Differential localization of vacuolar H+-ATPases containing a1, a2, a3, or a4 (ATP6V0A1-4) subunit isoforms along the nephron. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 20(1-4):109-120.

Abstract

Vacuolar H(+)-ATPase are multi-subunit containing pumps important for several processes along the nephron such as receptor mediated endocytosis, acidification of intracellular organelles, bicarbonate reabsorption and secretion, and H(+)- extrusion. Mutations in the human a4 (ATP6V0A4) subunit cause distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). There are 4 known isoforms of the 'a' subunit (a1-a4). Here we investigated the expression and localization of all four isoforms in mouse kidney. Real-time PCR detected mRNAs encoding all four 'a' isoforms in mouse kidney with a relative abundance in the following order: a4>a2=a1>a3. Immunolocalization demonstrated expression of all 'a' subunits in the proximal tubule and in the intercalated cells of the collecting system. In intercalated cells a1 and a4 isoforms appeared on both the apical and basolateral side and were expressed in all subtypes of intercalated cells. In contrast, a2, and a3 were only found in the apical membrane. a1 and a4 were colocalized in the same cells with AE1 or pendrin, whereas a2 was only found in AE1 positive cells but absent from pendrin expressing intercalated cells. These results suggest that vacuolar H(+)-ATPases containing different 'a' isoforms may serve specific and distinct functions and may help explaining why loss of the a4 isoform causes only dRTA without an apparent defect in the proximal tubule.

Abstract

Vacuolar H(+)-ATPase are multi-subunit containing pumps important for several processes along the nephron such as receptor mediated endocytosis, acidification of intracellular organelles, bicarbonate reabsorption and secretion, and H(+)- extrusion. Mutations in the human a4 (ATP6V0A4) subunit cause distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). There are 4 known isoforms of the 'a' subunit (a1-a4). Here we investigated the expression and localization of all four isoforms in mouse kidney. Real-time PCR detected mRNAs encoding all four 'a' isoforms in mouse kidney with a relative abundance in the following order: a4>a2=a1>a3. Immunolocalization demonstrated expression of all 'a' subunits in the proximal tubule and in the intercalated cells of the collecting system. In intercalated cells a1 and a4 isoforms appeared on both the apical and basolateral side and were expressed in all subtypes of intercalated cells. In contrast, a2, and a3 were only found in the apical membrane. a1 and a4 were colocalized in the same cells with AE1 or pendrin, whereas a2 was only found in AE1 positive cells but absent from pendrin expressing intercalated cells. These results suggest that vacuolar H(+)-ATPases containing different 'a' isoforms may serve specific and distinct functions and may help explaining why loss of the a4 isoform causes only dRTA without an apparent defect in the proximal tubule.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:22 Mar 2009 18:49
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 18:22
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1015-8987
Additional Information:The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=10.1159/000104159
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000104159
PubMed ID:17595521

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