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Minimally invasive or conventional edge-to-edge repair for severe mitral regurgitation due to bileaflet prolapse in Barlow's disease does the surgical approach have an Impact on the long-term results


De Bonis, Michele; Lapenna, Elisabetta; Del Forno, Benedetto; Di Sanzo, Stefania; Giacomini, Andrea; Schiavi, Davide; Vicentini, Luca; Latib, Azeem; Pozzoli, Alberto; Pappalardo, Federico; La Canna, Giovanni; Alfieri, Ottavio (2017). Minimally invasive or conventional edge-to-edge repair for severe mitral regurgitation due to bileaflet prolapse in Barlow's disease does the surgical approach have an Impact on the long-term results. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 52(1):131-136.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the adoption of a right minithoracotomy operative approach had an impact on the long-term results of edge-to-edge (EE) repair compared to conventional sternotomy in patients with Barlow's disease and bileaflet prolapse.
METHODS: We assessed the long-term results of 104 patients with Barlow's disease treated with a minimally invasive EE technique. An equal number of patients had a conventional median sternotomy EE repair for the same disease and were used as a control group. The inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to create comparable distributions of the covariates that were significantly different at baseline in the two groups. We performed a comparative analysis of the groups.
RESULTS: No hospital deaths were observed. Follow-up was 99.5% complete (median 11.3 years). The cumulative incidence function (CIF) of cardiac death at 12 years, with noncardiac death as a competing risk, showed no difference between the two groups ( P  = 0.87). At 12 years, the CIF of recurrent MR ≥ 3+, with death as the competing risk, was 7% in the sternotomy group and 5% in the minimally invasive group ( P  = 0.30), and the CIF of recurrence of MR ≥ 2+ was 15 and 14%, respectively ( P  = 0.63). The type of surgical approach was not a predictor of cardiac death, reoperation, recurrent MR ≥ 3+ or recurrent MR ≥ 2+.
CONCLUSIONS: A minimally invasive approach does not have a negative impact on the effectiveness and long-term durability of the EE repair for bileaflet prolapse in Barlow's disease. Long-term outcomes are excellent, and valvular performance remains stable over time with no evidence of mitral stenosis.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the adoption of a right minithoracotomy operative approach had an impact on the long-term results of edge-to-edge (EE) repair compared to conventional sternotomy in patients with Barlow's disease and bileaflet prolapse.
METHODS: We assessed the long-term results of 104 patients with Barlow's disease treated with a minimally invasive EE technique. An equal number of patients had a conventional median sternotomy EE repair for the same disease and were used as a control group. The inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to create comparable distributions of the covariates that were significantly different at baseline in the two groups. We performed a comparative analysis of the groups.
RESULTS: No hospital deaths were observed. Follow-up was 99.5% complete (median 11.3 years). The cumulative incidence function (CIF) of cardiac death at 12 years, with noncardiac death as a competing risk, showed no difference between the two groups ( P  = 0.87). At 12 years, the CIF of recurrent MR ≥ 3+, with death as the competing risk, was 7% in the sternotomy group and 5% in the minimally invasive group ( P  = 0.30), and the CIF of recurrence of MR ≥ 2+ was 15 and 14%, respectively ( P  = 0.63). The type of surgical approach was not a predictor of cardiac death, reoperation, recurrent MR ≥ 3+ or recurrent MR ≥ 2+.
CONCLUSIONS: A minimally invasive approach does not have a negative impact on the effectiveness and long-term durability of the EE repair for bileaflet prolapse in Barlow's disease. Long-term outcomes are excellent, and valvular performance remains stable over time with no evidence of mitral stenosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Barlow’s disease, Minimally invasive, Mitral regurgitation, Mitral valve repair, Right minithoracotomy
Language:English
Date:1 July 2017
Deposited On:13 Dec 2017 16:46
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1010-7940
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezx032
PubMed ID:28407104

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