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The bipedicled medial plantar flap: vascular enhancement of a reverse flow Y-V medial plantar flap by the inclusion of a metatarsal artery perforator for the reconstruction of a forefoot defect - A case report


Scaglioni, Mario F; Franchi, Alberto; Uyulmaz, Semra; Giovanoli, Pietro (2017). The bipedicled medial plantar flap: vascular enhancement of a reverse flow Y-V medial plantar flap by the inclusion of a metatarsal artery perforator for the reconstruction of a forefoot defect - A case report. Microsurgery:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

The pedicled medial plantar (MP) flap is an optimal solution for defects involving the weight-bearing areas of the foot. However, venous congestion is a frequently encountered complication, especially with the reverse-flow variants of the flap, and several strategies have been reported in literature both to prevent and to manage it. In this article, we present the use of a medial plantar flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery with the adjunct of an extra metatarsal perforator from the dorsalis pedis artery as a vascular enhancement to avoid the venous congestion and to improve the overall circulation. This bipedicled flap was successfully advanced to cover a 5 × 3 cm soft-tissue defect located at the level of the first and second metatarsal heads of the right foot resulting from the excision of a squamous cell carcinoma in an 80-year-old male patient with a history of cardiovascular disease. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged 7 days after the operation and was able to walk after 6 weeks wearing normal shoes. We believe that preserving plantar metatarsal perforators during the harvesting of an MP flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery may be a precious adjunct as it increases blood supply, especially the venous drainage of the flap.

Abstract

The pedicled medial plantar (MP) flap is an optimal solution for defects involving the weight-bearing areas of the foot. However, venous congestion is a frequently encountered complication, especially with the reverse-flow variants of the flap, and several strategies have been reported in literature both to prevent and to manage it. In this article, we present the use of a medial plantar flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery with the adjunct of an extra metatarsal perforator from the dorsalis pedis artery as a vascular enhancement to avoid the venous congestion and to improve the overall circulation. This bipedicled flap was successfully advanced to cover a 5 × 3 cm soft-tissue defect located at the level of the first and second metatarsal heads of the right foot resulting from the excision of a squamous cell carcinoma in an 80-year-old male patient with a history of cardiovascular disease. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged 7 days after the operation and was able to walk after 6 weeks wearing normal shoes. We believe that preserving plantar metatarsal perforators during the harvesting of an MP flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery may be a precious adjunct as it increases blood supply, especially the venous drainage of the flap.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:26 August 2017
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 13:24
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:42
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0738-1085
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/micr.30220
PubMed ID:28843011

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