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PD1-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes are associated with poor clinical outcome after pulmonary metastasectomy for colorectal cancer


Kollmann, Dagmar; Schweiger, Thomas; Schwarz, Stefan; Ignatova, Desislava; Chang, Yun-Tsan; Lewik, Gerrit; Schoppmann, Sebastian F; Hoetzenecker, Wolfram; Klepetko, Walter; Guenova, Emmanuella; Hoetzenecker, Konrad (2017). PD1-positive tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes are associated with poor clinical outcome after pulmonary metastasectomy for colorectal cancer. OncoImmunology, 6(9):e1331194.

Abstract

Pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) is routinely performed in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with oligometastatic spreading to the lungs. Patients with an aggressive tumor phenotype should be excluded from PM, since its benefit is outweighed by early tumor recurrence and impaired prognosis. Expression of PD-1 and its ligands are prognostic factors in a variety of primary tumors. However, their impact on patients' outcome in the setting of PM for CRC has not been evaluated before. 53 CRC patients with pulmonary metastases receiving PM with curative intent were included in this study. Tissue samples of resected pulmonary metastases and available corresponding primary tumors were collected and assessed for PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and tumor cells. Expression patterns were correlated with clinical outcome parameters. PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was commonly found in TILs and tumor cells. Expression levels significantly differed between metastases and primary tumors. High PD-1 expression by TILs was associated with impaired overall survival (low vs high expression (mean, 95% CI): 78 mo (60-96) vs 35 mo (25-44); p = 0.011). Additionally, the subgroup of patients, who experienced an upgrading in their TILs/PD1 status between primary and metastasis had a worse survival outcome compared with patients with the same grade or a downgrading (34 mo (26-42) vs 96 mo (72-120); p = 0.004). Thus, PD-1 expression by TILs is a strong prognostic marker in CRC patients with pulmonary spreading treated by PM. Moreover, this study provides a rationale for a therapeutic PD-1 pathway blockade in the treatment of CRC lung metastases. Future, large-scale studies are warranted to validate the findings of this single-center, retrospective analysis.

Abstract

Pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) is routinely performed in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with oligometastatic spreading to the lungs. Patients with an aggressive tumor phenotype should be excluded from PM, since its benefit is outweighed by early tumor recurrence and impaired prognosis. Expression of PD-1 and its ligands are prognostic factors in a variety of primary tumors. However, their impact on patients' outcome in the setting of PM for CRC has not been evaluated before. 53 CRC patients with pulmonary metastases receiving PM with curative intent were included in this study. Tissue samples of resected pulmonary metastases and available corresponding primary tumors were collected and assessed for PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and tumor cells. Expression patterns were correlated with clinical outcome parameters. PD-1 and PD-L1 expression was commonly found in TILs and tumor cells. Expression levels significantly differed between metastases and primary tumors. High PD-1 expression by TILs was associated with impaired overall survival (low vs high expression (mean, 95% CI): 78 mo (60-96) vs 35 mo (25-44); p = 0.011). Additionally, the subgroup of patients, who experienced an upgrading in their TILs/PD1 status between primary and metastasis had a worse survival outcome compared with patients with the same grade or a downgrading (34 mo (26-42) vs 96 mo (72-120); p = 0.004). Thus, PD-1 expression by TILs is a strong prognostic marker in CRC patients with pulmonary spreading treated by PM. Moreover, this study provides a rationale for a therapeutic PD-1 pathway blockade in the treatment of CRC lung metastases. Future, large-scale studies are warranted to validate the findings of this single-center, retrospective analysis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Colorectal cancer; PD-1; PD-L1; lung metastasis; outcome; prognosis; pulmonary metastasectomy; selection criteria
Language:English
Date:18 August 2017
Deposited On:21 Dec 2017 13:44
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:42
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2162-4011
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/2162402X.2017.1331194
PubMed ID:28932634

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