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An anatomical study of plate-rod fixation in feline tibiae


Gutbrod, Andreas; Vincenti, Simona; Kühn, Karolin; Knell, Sebastian Christoph; Schmierer, Philipp A; Pozzi, Antonio (2017). An anatomical study of plate-rod fixation in feline tibiae. Veterinary Surgery, 46(7):909-914.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of placing bi-cortical cortex (B-cort) or mono-cortical locking screws (M-lock) in a plate-rod construct applied to the feline tibia in combination with different intramedullary (IM) pins.
METHODS: Twenty-four feline tibiae of cats were divided into 4 groups, corresponding to IM pin sizes filling approximately 30% (1.0 mm), 40% (1.4 mm), 45% (1.6 mm), and 50% (1.8 mm) of the medullary canal. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to trace potential screw trajectories in each group. A 12-hole, 2.4 mm locking compression plate was then applied on the medial aspect of the tibia. M-lock and B-cort screws were inserted subsequently in each plate hole. Success rates of screw insertion based on CT analysis and cadaveric simulation were compared with screw type, IM pin diameter, and anatomic location as variables.
RESULTS: Screw insertion rates were underestimated on CT compared to cadaveric specimens. During cadaveric simulation, B-cort screws could be inserted in all specimens in the 3 most proximal plate holes and in at least 1 of the 3 distal plate holes. The smallest pin size (30%) allowed placement of a greater number of B-cort screws (P < .05) compared to other pins. Fewer B-cort screws could be inserted in the distal diaphyseal region (P < .05) compared to other regions. A total of 99.3% of M-lock screws could be inserted regardless of IMP size.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Plate rod constructs can include bicortical screws in the proximal and distal metaphysis, and monocortical screws in the diaphysis, combined with an IM pin filling up to 50% of the medullary canal.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of placing bi-cortical cortex (B-cort) or mono-cortical locking screws (M-lock) in a plate-rod construct applied to the feline tibia in combination with different intramedullary (IM) pins.
METHODS: Twenty-four feline tibiae of cats were divided into 4 groups, corresponding to IM pin sizes filling approximately 30% (1.0 mm), 40% (1.4 mm), 45% (1.6 mm), and 50% (1.8 mm) of the medullary canal. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to trace potential screw trajectories in each group. A 12-hole, 2.4 mm locking compression plate was then applied on the medial aspect of the tibia. M-lock and B-cort screws were inserted subsequently in each plate hole. Success rates of screw insertion based on CT analysis and cadaveric simulation were compared with screw type, IM pin diameter, and anatomic location as variables.
RESULTS: Screw insertion rates were underestimated on CT compared to cadaveric specimens. During cadaveric simulation, B-cort screws could be inserted in all specimens in the 3 most proximal plate holes and in at least 1 of the 3 distal plate holes. The smallest pin size (30%) allowed placement of a greater number of B-cort screws (P < .05) compared to other pins. Fewer B-cort screws could be inserted in the distal diaphyseal region (P < .05) compared to other regions. A total of 99.3% of M-lock screws could be inserted regardless of IMP size.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Plate rod constructs can include bicortical screws in the proximal and distal metaphysis, and monocortical screws in the diaphysis, combined with an IM pin filling up to 50% of the medullary canal.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:22 June 2017
Deposited On:28 Dec 2017 14:26
Last Modified:22 Jun 2018 00:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0161-3499
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12678
PubMed ID:28640396

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